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Despite the severity and common occurrence of equine endotoxaemia, the available anti-endotoxic treatments do not effectively target key inflammatory mechanisms such as leucocyte activation and cytokine production. In this study, four compounds with potential anti-endotoxic effects, namely rolipram, azithromycin, ethyl pyruvate and metformin, were(More)
BACKGROUND Acute gastrointestinal disease occurs commonly in horses. Novel biomarkers might improve the understanding of SIRS and aid diagnosis and determination of prognosis. HYPOTHESES Increased plasma concentrations of the biomarkers HMGB-1 and nucleosomes are associated with severity of gastrointestinal lesions in horses; concentrations of these(More)
REASON FOR PERFORMING THE STUDY Investigation of toxicosis caused by Malva parviflora was required after 4 horses from the same farm developed severe muscle fasciculations, tachycardia, sweating and periods of recumbency leading to death or euthanasia after ingesting the plant. OBJECTIVES To describe historical, clinical, clinicopathological and(More)
BACKGROUND Gentamicin is an aminoglycoside antimicrobial commonly used in horses at 6.6 mg/kg IV once daily. Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) can confirm desired peak concentration is reached for common bacterial isolates, and detect toxicosis associated with high trough values. OBJECTIVES Determine the relationship between gentamicin dose and plasma(More)
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