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Global surveys of genomes measure the usage of essential molecular parts, defined here as protein families, superfamilies or folds, in different organisms. Based on surveys of the first 20 completely sequenced genomes, we observe that the occurrence of these parts follows a power-law distribution. That is, the number of distinct parts (F) with a given(More)
BACKGROUND Transgenic animals have become valuable tools for both research and applied purposes. The current method of gene transfer, microinjection, which is widely used in transgenic mouse production, has only had limited success in producing transgenic animals of larger or higher species. Here, we report a linker based sperm-mediated gene transfer method(More)
The complexity of biological systems provides for a great diversity of relationships between genes. The current analysis of whole-genome expression data focuses on relationships based on global correlation over a whole time-course, identifying clusters of genes whose expression levels simultaneously rise and fall. There are, of course, other potential(More)
H19 RNA has been characterized as an oncogenic long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) in breast and colon cancer. However, the role and function of lncRNA H19 in glioma development remain unclear. In this study, we identified that H19/miR-675 signaling was critical for glioma progression. By analyzing glioma gene expression data sets, we found increased H19 in high(More)
Activation of the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) signaling system has been implicated in the development and malignant progression of diffuse gliomas. Overexpression of PDGF system components, particularly the alpha subtype receptor (PDGFRA), is common in glial tumors, and PDGFRA gene amplification has been reported in glioblastomas. In order to(More)
It is increasingly evident that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) have causative roles in carcinogenesis. In this study, we report findings implicating a novel lncRNA in gastric cancer, termed GAPLINC (gastric adenocarcinoma predictive long intergenic noncoding RNA), based on the use of global microarray and in situ hybridization (ISH) analyses to identify(More)
Centrioles are critical for many cellular processes including cell division and cilia assembly. The number of centrioles within a cell is under strict control, and deregulation of centriole copy number is a hallmark of cancer. The molecular mechanisms that halt centriole amplification have not been fully elucidated. Here, we found that centrosomal protein(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a short-lived gaseous signaling molecule. In blood vessels, it is synthesized in a dynamic fashion by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and influences vascular function via two distinct mechanisms, the activation of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC)/cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)-dependent signaling and the S-nitrosylation of(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNA-7 (miR-7) has been reported to be a tumour suppressor gene. However, whether it has a role in the growth of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and what is its target involved in the tumour growth is still under investigation. METHODS NSCLC tissue sample, NSCLC cell lines and tissue microarray were investigated in this study. Total RNA,(More)
PTH-related protein (PTHrP) is produced in vascular smooth muscle, where it is postulated to exert vasorelaxant properties by activation of the PTH/PTHrP type 1 receptor. As a model for studying the actions of locally produced PTHrP in vascular smooth muscle in vivo, we developed transgenic mice that overexpress the PTH/PTHrP receptor (PTHrP-R) in smooth(More)