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Recently fluid flow has been shown to be a potent physical stimulus in the regulation of bone cell metabolism. However, most investigators have applied steady or pulsing flow profiles rather than oscillatory fluid flow, which occurs in vivo because of mechanical loading. Here oscillatory fluid flow was demonstrated to be a potentially important physical(More)
Although it is well accepted that bone tissue metabolism is regulated by external mechanical loads, it remains unclear to what load-induced physical signals bone cells respond. In this study, a novel computer-controlled stretch device and parallel plate flow chamber were employed to investigate cytosolic calcium (Ca2+i) mobilization in response to a range(More)
After traumatic spinal cord injury, functional deficits increase as axons die back from the center of the lesion and the glial scar forms. Axonal dieback occurs in two phases: an initial axon intrinsic stage that occurs over the first several hours and a secondary phase which takes place over the first few weeks after injury. Here, we examine the secondary(More)
An early treatment with artemether given in appropriate regimens was tested in mice, rabbits and dogs for prevention purposes. Artemether was administered intragastrically (ig) to the hosts on day 7 after infection with Schistosoma japonicum cercariae at a single dose, and the same dose of artemether was repeated every 1 or 2 weeks for 2-4 times. As a(More)
The effects of mebendazole (Meb), albendazole (Alb) and albendazole sulfoxide (AlbSO) on metacestodes of Echinococcus granulosus have been studied. The results show that Meb and Alb exhibit less effect on protoscoleces in vitro, but in vivo the protoscolicidal effect of Meb is higher than that of Alb. Both Meb and Alb are efficacious in the treatment of(More)
AIM To compare the antischistosomal effect of racemic praziquantel (Pra) and its enantiomers, levopraziquantel (L-Pra) and dextropraziquantel (D-Pra), on different developmental stages of Schistosoma japonicum. METHODS The in vitro effects of the drugs were determined in different stages of schistosomes maintained in RPMI 1640 supplemented with 20% calf(More)
Artemether (beta-methyl ether of artemisinin) first synthesized by Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences(1), appears in colorless crystal and is more lipid-soluble than artemisinin. When artemether was given ig or im to mice infected with Schistosoma japonicum for 32-35 d at the dosage of 1/10-1/2 LD50. Its effects in the two(More)
Bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) is an important epigenetic reader implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of different cancers and other diseases. Brd4-null mouse embryos die shortly after implantation and are compromised in their ability to maintain the inner cell mass, which gives rise to embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Here we report that BRD4(More)