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Bone mineral density (BMD) is the most widely used predictor of fracture risk. We performed the largest meta-analysis to date on lumbar spine and femoral neck BMD, including 17 genome-wide association studies and 32,961 individuals of European and east Asian ancestry. We tested the top BMD-associated markers for replication in 50,933 independent subjects(More)
Hypopituitary patients have increased mortality from vascular disease, and in these patients, early markers of atherosclerosis [increased carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) and reduced distensibility] are more prevalent. As GH replacement can reverse some risk factors of atherosclerosis, the present study examined the effect of GH treatment on(More)
Genetic factors play an important role in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. The genes involved are, however, still largely unknown. In the present study, we have investigated whether sequence variations in the estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) gene are associated with bone mineral density (BMD) and biochemical markers of bone turnover in 79 Slovenian(More)
Atraumatic fractures are often seen in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) and epilepsy in full-time care. Increased bone fragility was postulated to be due to osteopenia resulting from a combination of factors including immobilization and antiepileptic treatment. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of vitamin D and calcium(More)
Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB (RANK) is one of the proteins in regulation of osteoclastogenesis via RANK/RANKL/OPG. Gene that codes for RANK protein (TNFRSF11A) was associated with osteoporotic fractures in a recent genome-wide association study. As variations in the RANK gene could alter its expression and activity, the aim of our study was(More)
Estrogen receptor alpha (ER alpha) encoding gene is one of the candidate genes to be involved in the development of osteoporosis. Until now correlation between three ER gene polymorphisms (identified with PvuII, XbaI and BstUI) and bone mineral density (BMD) have been investigated. The results of these studies are contradictory. Thus the aim of our work was(More)
Recently, oxidative stress has been suggested as participating in the development of osteoporosis. Glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1) is one of antioxidant enzymes responsible for the defence of cells against oxidative damage and thus for protection against age related diseases such as osteoporosis. The aim of present study was to associate genetic variances(More)
Osteopenia is common in children, adolescents, and young adults with severe cerebral palsy (CP; spastic quadriplegia) living in residential care, and frequently results in atraumatic fractures. On clinical grounds 67 patients (34 males, 33 females) with severe CP (gross motor function classification system [GMFCS] levels IV or V) aged 5 to 25 years (median(More)
Adrenergic stimulation is important for osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption. Previous research shows that this happens through β2-adrenergic receptor (AR), but there are conflicting evidence on presence and role of α2A-AR in bone. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of α2A-AR and its involvement in neuro-endocrine signalling of(More)
UNLABELLED Studies have shown that selective modulator of estrogen receptor raloxifene, exerts hypolipemic properties at least partially through estrogen receptor alpha activation. To test the hypothesis that polymorphisms of estrogen receptor alpha are associated with the influence of 6 months raloxifene treatment on serum lipids, two intronic (PvuII and(More)