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The COP9/signalosome complex is conserved from plant to mammalian cells. In Arabidopsis, it regulates the nuclear abundance of COP1, a transcriptional repressor of photomorphogenic development [1] [2]. All COP (constitutive photomorphogenesis) mutants inappropriately express genes that are normally repressed in the dark. Eight subunits (Sgn1-Sgn8) of the(More)
Activation of latent transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) by alphavbeta6 integrin is critical in the pathogenesis of lung injury and fibrosis. We have previously demonstrated that the stimulation of protease activated receptor 1 promotes alphavbeta6 integrin-mediated TGF-beta activation via RhoA, which is known to modulate cell contraction. However,(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) are targets for the immune-modulation of dendritic cells (DC). However, our knowledge of their role in the regulation of IL-12-family cytokines is limited. This study investigated the roles of p38, JNK, p44/42 and PI3K pathways in IL-12/23/27 production by human DC, and their impact on naïve T(H)-responses. We first(More)
The present study refers to six patients in whom an A-V reciprocal rhythm could be documented; in four cases it took the form of sustained tachycardia. None of the patients showed any ECG feature of ventricular pre-excitation (PR interval of more than 0.12 sec. and normal QRS configuration). The extrastimulus method showed, at first, that the A-V conduction(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a devastating, progressive disease with poor survival rates and limited treatment options. Upregulation of αvβ6 integrins within the alveolar epithelial cells is a characteristic feature of IPF and correlates with poor patient survival. The pro-fibrotic cytokine TGFβ1 can upregulate αvβ6 integrin expression but the(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive, fatal disease with limited treatment options. Protease-mediated transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) activation has been proposed as a pathogenic mechanism of lung fibrosis. Protease activity in the lung is tightly regulated by protease inhibitors, particularly secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI).(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic progressive lung disease with high mortality, uncertain cause, and few treatment options. Studies have identified a significant genetic risk associated with the development of IPF; however, mechanisms by which genetic risk factors promote IPF remain unclear. We aimed to identify genetic variants(More)