Learn More
Oligonucleotide and complementary DNA microarrays are being used to subclassify histologically similar tumours, monitor disease progress, and individualize treatment regimens. However, extracting new biological insight from high-throughput genomic studies of human diseases is a challenge, limited by difficulties in recognizing and evaluating relevant(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine whether apoptosis is a major mechanism of cell death in patients with sepsis. The activities of caspase-3 and the antiapoptotic protein, BCL-2, were investigated also. DESIGN A prospective study of 20 patients who died of sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction was performed. The control group of 16(More)
In sepsis there is extensive apoptosis of lymphocytes, which may be beneficial by down-regulating the accompanying inflammation. Alternatively, apoptosis may be detrimental by impairing host defense. We studied whether Bcl-2, a potent antiapoptotic protein, could prevent lymphocyte apoptosis in a clinically relevant model of sepsis. Transgenic mice in which(More)
Sepsis induces extensive lymphocyte apoptosis, a process which may be beneficial to host survival by down-regulating the inflammatory response or, alternatively, harmful by impairing host defenses. To determine the beneficial vs. adverse effects of lymphocyte apoptosis in sepsis, we blocked lymphocyte apoptosis either by(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relative cost-effectiveness of percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT) and surgical tracheostomy (ST) in critically ill patients. DESIGN Prospective randomized study. SETTING Medical, surgical, and coronary intensive care units at Barnes-Jewish Hospital, a tertiary care medical center. PATIENTS Eighty critically ill(More)
Patients with sepsis have impaired host defenses that contribute to the lethality of the disorder. Recent work implicates lymphocyte apoptosis as a potential factor in the immunosuppression of sepsis. If lymphocyte apoptosis is an important mechanism, specific subsets of lymphocytes may be more vulnerable. A prospective study of lymphocyte cell typing and(More)
A cornerstone of modern biomedical research is the use of mouse models to explore basic pathophysiological mechanisms, evaluate new therapeutic approaches, and make go or no-go decisions to carry new drug candidates forward into clinical trials. Systematic studies evaluating how well murine models mimic human inflammatory diseases are nonexistent. Here, we(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis of acute infection in the critically ill remains a challenge. We hypothesized that circulating leukocyte transcriptional profiles can be used to monitor the host response to and recovery from infection complicating critical illness. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS A translational research approach was employed. Fifteen mice underwent(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine if apoptosis (programmed cell death) occurs systemically in lymphoid and parenchymal cells during sepsis. To examine the potential role of T and B cells in the apoptotic process using knockout mice deficient in mature T and B lymphocytes. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING Animal laboratory in a university(More)