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The stimulation of exocrine pancreatic secretion that has been attributed by Pavlov exclusively to various reflexes (nervism), was then found that it depend also on numerous enterohormones, especially cholecystokinin (CCK) and secretin, released by duodeno-jejunal mucosa and originally believed to act via an endocrine pathway. Recently, CCK and other(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori, NSAID and cigarette smoking are major risk factors for gastroduodenal ulcers. However, the results of studies on the interaction between these factors on ulcerogenesis are controversial. This study was designed to examine the association between gastroduodenal ulcers and H. pylori infection, NSAID use, smoking and age. (More)
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