Part I of this paper describes the background, general concepts, available techniques and the clinical applications of recording external craniofacial morphology in three dimensions. Part II explores the different 3D techniques of imaging the dental arches, and their possible uses in orthodontic diagnosis and treatment.
This paper presents a general framework that aims to address the task of segmenting three-dimensional (3-D) scan data representing the human form into subsets which correspond to functional human body parts. Such a task is challenging due to the articulated and deformable nature of the human body. A salient feature of this framework is that it is able to… (More)
We present a visually guided, dual-arm, industrial robot system that is capable of autonomously flattening garments by means of a novel visual perception pipeline that fully interprets high-quality RGB-D images of a clothing scene based on an active stereo robot head. A segmented clothing range map is B-Spline smoothed prior to being parsed by means of… (More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to characterize the soft tissue facial features of infants without cleft and to report on the correlation between these with weight, length, and head circumference. DESIGN This was a prospective study using a noninvasive three-dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry (C3D) system to capture the images of the participants.… (More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of a newly developed three-dimensional (3D) imaging system in recording facial morphology. METHODS Twenty-one infants with cleft lip each had a full-face alginate impression taken at the time of primary lip repair, and a stone cast was constructed from each impression. Five anthropometric points… (More)
Many 3-dimensional (3D) techniques have been utilized to register and analyze the face in 3 dimensions, but each system has its own merits and disadvantages. C3D is a relatively new 3D imaging system that was developed to capture the 3D geometry of the face. Landmark identification on 3D facial models is facilitated by a software-based facial analysis tool… (More)
The majority of work on the perception of gloss has been performed using smooth surfaces (e.g., spheres). Previous studies that have employed more complex surfaces reported that increasing mesoscale roughness increases perceived gloss [Psychol. Sci.19, 196 (2008), J. Vis.10(9), 13 (2010), Curr. Biol.22, 1909 (2012)]. We show that the use of realistic… (More)
FEATURES SECTION 3D CT scanning 3D CT scanning is another option, but its cost limits its usefulness in daily clinical practice. A validation of the process is required to estimate the error, since study cast stone is more radiodense than bone. Stereophotogrammetry Although this technique has proved to be very valuable in imaging human faces, 2 it is not so… (More)