J Paul O'Keefe

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Antimicrobial resistance, including plasmid-mediated resistance, among Bacteroides fragilis group species is well documented. A 5-year (1990-1994) prospective, eight-center survey of 3,177 clinical isolates of Bacteroides species was undertaken to review trends in resistance, using the breakpoints for full and intermediate susceptibility established by the(More)
An animal model implanted with intraperitoneal plastic reservoirs was used for study of the penetration of penicillin G into sites infected with Bacteroides fragilis. Penicillin G was given to rabbits, and its concentration in uninfected reservoirs and in those infected with B. fragilis was determined. The mean percentage penetration ([concentration in(More)
The susceptibilities of multiply resistant clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeurginosa to ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, and several beta-lactam and aminoglycoside antibiotics were evaluated. Ciprofloxacin also was compared with methicillin and vancomycin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis and group JK corynebacteria. Ciprofloxacin(More)
The in vitro activities of beta-lactam antibiotics against Bacteroides fragilis and B. fragilis group isolates are presented. Clinical isolates from 1986 were compared with strains from 1979 to 1982. Imipenem, ticarcillin-clavulanic acid, and ceftizoxime were the most active agents. Cefotetan was equivalent to cefoxitin against B. fragilis but less active(More)
A national survey of Bacteroides fragilis group was continued in 1989 for the ninth consecutive year. Seven hundred thirty-nine isolates of B fragilis group from eight centers were tested for susceptibility to 14 antimicrobials. Sulbactam and clavulanic acid, beta-lactamase inhibitors, were tested at a constant concentration of 8 micrograms/ml and 2(More)
A nationwide survey to monitor the susceptibility of the Bacteroides fragilis group, which began in 1981, was continued during 1987. In addition to the eleven drugs evaluated in 1986, sulbactam, a potent beta-lactamase inhibitor, was tested alone and in combination with ampicillin and cefoperazone. Imipenem, ampicillin/sulbactam, cefoperazone/sulbactam, and(More)