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Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) or sport-induced concussion has recently become a prominent concern not only in the athletic setting (i.e. sports venue) but also in the general population. The majority of research to date has aimed at understanding the neurological and neuropsychological outcomes of injury as well as return-to-play guidelines. Remaining(More)
This study examined the effects of different 7-day taper protocols on simulated 20-km time trials (20TT). Following 3 weeks of baseline training, 11 male cyclists (.VO2max = 4.78 +/- 0.66 L.min-1) were randomly assigned to one of three stepwise reduction tapers in which training volume was reduced by 30% (T30, n = 5), 50% (T50, n = 6), or 80% (T80, n = 6)(More)
PURPOSE This study evaluated cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) after a sport-induced concussion, also called mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), by monitoring middle cerebral artery blood velocity (vMCA) with transcranial Doppler ultrasonography and simultaneous end-tidal carbon dioxide (PETCO(2)) measurements. METHODS Thirty-one athletes (16-25 yr old)(More)
We investigated the role of passive hyperthermia upon motor unit activation and prefrontal cortex oxygenation. Six healthy males were passively heated, using a liquid conditioning garment in a hot environment (35 degrees C, 50% relative humidity). Maximal force output and voluntary activation were examined during a 10 s maximal isometric knee extension. Of(More)
This study compared breathing frequency (fB) during a ventilation threshold (VT) test with fB during a simulated 40 km time trial (40TT) to assess whether fB can be used to monitor exercise intensity. Twenty-six male cyclists (mean +/- SD VO2max = 4.42 +/- 0274 l.min-1) performed an incremental VT ergometer test and a simulated 40TT on a set of wind-loaded(More)
Ballistocardiography (BCG) is a non-invasive technology that has been used to record ultra-low-frequency vibrations of the heart allowing for the measurement of cardiac cycle events including timing and amplitudes of contraction. Recent developments in BCG have made this technology simple to use, as well as time- and cost-efficient in comparison with other(More)
UNLABELLED Neck pain and muscle function in aircrew have received considerable attention. We hypothesized normalized electromyography (EMG) frequency would provide insight into appropriate methods to assess muscle fatigue in helicopter aircrew. METHODS 40 helicopter aircrew performed isometric testing that included maximal voluntary contractions (MVC) and(More)
Over the past 15 years the use of near infrared spectroscopy in exercise and sports science has increased exponentially. The majority of these studies have used this noninvasive technique to provide information related to tissue metabolism during acute exercise. This has been undertaken to determine its utility as a suitable tool to provide new insights(More)
In this study we examined the oxygenation trend of the vastus medialis muscle during sustained high-intensity exercise. Ten cyclists performed an incremental cycle ergometer test to voluntary exhaustion [mean (SD) maximum oxygen uptake 4.29 (0.63) l x min(-1); relative to body mass 60.8 (2.4) ml x kg(-1)min(-1)] and a simulated 20-km time trial (20TT) on a(More)
Neck pain is a growing aeromedical concern for military forces on an international scale. Neck pain prevalence in the global military helicopter community has been reported in the range of 56.6-84.5%. Despite this high prevalence, historically, research examining helicopter aircrews has focused predominantly on low back pain. A number of recent studies have(More)