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OBJECTIVE Individuals with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) have a high risk of developing NIDDM. The purpose of this study was to determine whether diet and exercise interventions in those with IGT may delay the development of NIDDM, i.e., reduce the incidence of NIDDM, and thereby reduce the overall incidence of diabetic complications, such as(More)
Daphnoretin, a dicoumarin isolated from Wikstroemia indica C.A. Mey. (Thymelaceae), induced superoxide anion (O2-) formation in rat neutrophils in a concentration-dependent manner. Addition of staurosporine reduced daphnoretin-induced respiratory burst. Removal of extracellular free Ca2+ by EGTA did not affect the respiratory burst of neutrophils in(More)
1. The possible mechanisms of the inhibitory effect of ethyl 2-(3-hydroxyanilino)-4-oxo-4,5-dihydrofuran-3-carboxylate (HAJ11) on the respiratory burst of rat neutrophils in vitro was investigated. 2. HAJ11 caused a reversible and a concentration-dependent inhibition of formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLP)-induced superoxide anion (O2.-) generation (IC50 4.9 +/- 0.7(More)
The present study aims to recommend the normal upper limit, the acceptable upper limit, the subclinical lead absorption and intoxication diagnostic criteria in an effort to re-evaluate the current national diagnostic criteria for the occupational chronic lead poisoning. The study was conducted on 330 lead exposed workers and 100 non-exposed controls based(More)
Experimental objectives were to determine the effects of supplemental saturated fatty acids on production, body temperature indices, and some aspects of metabolism in mid-lactation dairy cows experiencing heat stress. Forty-eight heat-stressed Holstein cows were allocated into 3 groups (n=16/group) according to a completely randomized block design. Three(More)
The signaling pathways leading to extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation in formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP)-stimulated rat neutrophils were examined. fMLP-stimulated ERK activation based on immunoblot analysis with antibodies against the phosphorylation form of ERK was attenuated by the pretreatment of cells with pertussis toxin(More)
Cardiotoxin, isolated from the venom of Naja naja atra, was found to cause rat hind-paw edema in a dose-dependent manner. This edematous response was significantly suppressed by pretreatment with diphenhydramine, methysergide or compound 48/80, which reduced the tissue histamine content. Polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocyte infiltration appeared within 1 h and(More)
Eighteen synthetic xanthone derivatives were tested for their inhibitory effects on the activation of mast cells and neutrophils. 1,3- and 3,5-Dihydroxyxanthone showed strong inhibitory effects on the release of beta-glucuronidase and histamine from rat peritoneal mast cells stimulated with compound 48/80. 1,6-Dihydroxyxanthone and 1,3,8-trihydroxyxanthone(More)
Norathyriol, aglycone of a xanthone C-glycoside mangiferin isolated from Tripterospermum lanceolatum, concentration dependently inhibited the formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP)-induced superoxide anion (O2.-) generation and O2 consumption in rat neutrophils. In cell-free oxygen radical generating system, norathyriol inhibited the O2.- generation(More)
Sixteen constituents from Formosan Moraceous plants were tested for their antiplatelet activities in rabbit platelet suspension and human platelet-rich plasma. Cycloartocarpin A, cycloheterophyllin, broussochalcone A, kazinol A, broussoaurone A, and broussoflavonol F showed strong inhibition of arachidonic acid (AA)-induced platelet aggregation. Of the(More)