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1. S 16257 is a new bradycardic agent. Its electropharmacological profile has been compared to that of the known bradycardic compound UL-FS 49 (Zatebradine). Intracellular recordings of action potentials (APs) were performed with conventional glass microelectrodes. 2. In the rabbit isolated sino-atrial node (SAN) tissue, S 16257 and UL-FS 49 (1 microM, 3(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ivabradine, a specific and use-dependent I(f) inhibitor, exerts anti-ischaemic activity purely by reducing heart rate. The aim of this work was to characterize its effect on the predominant HCN channel isoform expressed in human sino-atrial nodes (hSAN), to determine its kinetics in HCN channels from multicellular preparations and(More)
1. The purpose of these experiments was to determine whether or not the endothelium-dependent hyperpolarizations of the vascular smooth muscle cells (observed in the presence of inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase and cyclo-oxygenase) can be attributed to the production of an endogenous cannabinoid. 2. Membrane potential was recorded in the guinea-pig(More)
Two normotensive strains of rat, the Lou and Brown Norway (BN) strains, have contrasting levels of plasma angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). To investigate the degree of genetic determination of ACE expression, a polymorphic marker of the ACE gene was analyzed in inbred rats of the two strains. The two inbred strains were shown to bear different alleles(More)
The effects of altering the site of electrical activation on responses to isoproterenol (ISO) and treadmill exercise were examined in mongrel dogs instrumented for long-term measurement of left ventricular pressure, left ventricular dP/dt, coronary blood flow, cardiac output, left ventricular diameters, and mean arterial pressure and O2 content in the(More)
Experiments were designed to determine in two arteries (the guinea-pig carotid and the porcine coronary arteries) whether or not the endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) can be identified as potassium ions, and to determine whether or not the inwardly rectifying potassium current and the Na+/K+ pump are involved in the hyperpolarization(More)
1. Experiments were designed to investigate whether the pertussis toxin-dependent endothelial dysfunction following balloon injury is due to a reduced expression or an insufficient function of G-proteins. 2. Endothelium-dependent responses of porcine coronary arteries were examined in vitro by use of conventional organ chambers. Morphological analysis was(More)
1. The effects of endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF: elicited using substance P or bradykinin) were compared with those of 11,12-EET in pig coronary artery. Smooth muscle cells were usually impaled with microelectrodes through the adventitial surface. 2. Substance P (100 nM) and 11,12-EET (11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid; 3 microM)(More)
We examined, in conscious dogs, the potential role of prejunctional alpha 2-adrenergic receptors for the regulation of heart rate and contractility response to exercise through modulation of the neurotransmitter release. Changes in heart rate and left ventricular pressure with time during comparable exercise levels, together with changes in norepinephrine(More)
The new dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonist S 11568 and its optical isomers, S 12967 and S 12968 (3 x 10(-6) to 10(-4) M), caused, unlike nifedipine (10(-4) M), equipotent and rapid endothelium-dependent relaxations and increased the content of cyclic GMP in rings of canine femoral arteries. These effects were observed in the presence of indomethacin(More)