Learn More
Mitochondrion movement and positioning was studied in elongating cultured cells of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.), containing mitochondria-localized green fluorescent protein. In these cells mitochondria are either actively moving in strands of cytoplasm transversing or bordering the vacuole, or immobile positioned in the cortical layer of cytoplasm.(More)
We have developed a method for the colocalization of xyloglucan endotransglycosylase (XET) activity and the donor substrates to which it has access in situ and in vivo. Sulforhodamine conjugates of xyloglucan oligosaccharides (XGO-SRs), infiltrated into the tissue, act as acceptor substrate for the enzyme; endogenous xyloglucan acts as donor substrate.(More)
Root hairs are formed by two separate processes: initiation and subsequent tip growth. Root hair initiation is always accompanied by a highly localized increase in xyloglucan endotransglycosylase (XET) action at the site of future bulge formation, where the trichoblast locally loosens its cell wall. This suggests an important role of XET in the first stages(More)
Nucleoside diphosphate kinases (Nm23/NDPK) are enzymes functional in cell proliferation, differentiation, development, tumor progression, and metastasis. Nevertheless, no consensus exists about the molecular mechanism by which Nm23/NDPK isoforms exert their role in these processes. We investigated the expression of the rat Nm23-R1/NDPKbeta and(More)
The endotransglucosylase action of the enzyme xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase (XTH) was localized in the roots of diverse vascular plants: club-mosses (lycopodiophytes), ferns, gymnosperms, monocots, and dicots. High action was always found in the epidermis cell wall of the elongation zone and in trichoblasts in the differentiation zone. Clearly(More)
The role of cellulose microfibril orientation in determining cell wall mechanical anisotropy and in the control of the wall plastic versus elastic properties was studied in the adaxial epidermis of onion bulb scales using the constant-load (creep) test. The mean or net cellulose orientation in the outer periclinal wall of the epidermis was parallel to the(More)
Xyloglucan endotransglycosylase/hydrolases (XTHs) are enzymes that cleave and rejoin xyloglucan chains. To trace the evolutionary origin of XTHs, we used Selaginella kraussiana, a representative of the most primitive land plants (Lycopodiophyta). A Southern blot with a digoxigenin-labeled probe, designed on the conserved catalytic site of XTHs, indicated(More)