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We have developed a method for the colocalization of xyloglucan endotransglycosylase (XET) activity and the donor substrates to which it has access in situ and in vivo. Sulforhodamine conjugates of xyloglucan oligosaccharides (XGO-SRs), infiltrated into the tissue, act as acceptor substrate for the enzyme; endogenous xyloglucan acts as donor substrate.(More)
Mitochondrion movement and positioning was studied in elongating cultured cells of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.), containing mitochondria-localized green fluorescent protein. In these cells mitochondria are either actively moving in strands of cytoplasm transversing or bordering the vacuole, or immobile positioned in the cortical layer of cytoplasm.(More)
Root hairs are formed by two separate processes: initiation and subsequent tip growth. Root hair initiation is always accompanied by a highly localized increase in xyloglucan endotransglycosylase (XET) action at the site of future bulge formation, where the trichoblast locally loosens its cell wall. This suggests an important role of XET in the first stages(More)
The endotransglucosylase action of the enzyme xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase (XTH) was localized in the roots of diverse vascular plants: club-mosses (lycopodiophytes), ferns, gymnosperms, monocots, and dicots. High action was always found in the epidermis cell wall of the elongation zone and in trichoblasts in the differentiation zone. Clearly(More)
Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) is an intermediate filament (IF) protein expressed upon maturation of astrocytes and upregulated during reactive astrogliosis. Its expression is modulated by several growth factors and hormones. Although an upregulation of intracellular cAMP is required for the induction of GFAP expression in astrocytes, little(More)
The role of cellulose microfibril orientation in determining cell wall mechanical anisotropy and in the control of the wall plastic versus elastic properties was studied in the adaxial epidermis of onion bulb scales using the constant-load (creep) test. The mean or net cellulose orientation in the outer periclinal wall of the epidermis was parallel to the(More)
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