J. P. Simke

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The open reading frame of human cyclooxygenase-2 was cloned by pcr amplification of IL-1 beta stimulated human dermal fibroblast cDNA. The coding region was used to construct a recombinant baculovirus which when used to infect Sf9 cells directed the expression of recombinant human cyclooxygenase-2. The heterologously expressed enzyme was characterized and(More)
The effects of a 48-hour 0.5 mg/kg/hr infusion of the thromboxane synthase inhibitor pirmagrel were studied in 10 renal allograft recipients with cyclosporine nephrotoxicity. Plasma concentrations reached a mean steady-state plasma level of 1798 +/- 481 ng/ml. Biphasic, rapid elimination of pirmagrel was observed with a distribution half-life of 6.7 minutes(More)
Pharmacologic inhibition of thromboxane synthetase activity has reversed the clinical manifestations of toxemia in the ovine model. To investigate placental transfer and fetal effects of a selective thromboxane synthetase inhibitor, CGS13080 (Ciba-Geigy, Summit, N.J.) was intravenously infused into eight singleton- or twin-bearing ewes near term. During CGS(More)
Intra-articular (i.a.) injection of recombinant human interleukin-1 alpha (rHuIL-1α) in rabbit knees induced both an inflammation, as determined by increases in leukocytes in the joint fluid, and cartilage degradation, as measured by loss of proteoglycan. Substance P (SP) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels in the joint lavage are also elevated. Treatment(More)
Inflammation was induced by intra-articular injection of 100 ng recombinant human interleukin-1 alpha (rhIL-1) into rabbit knees. Substance P (SP) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) were measured by radioimmunoassay (RIA) in the joint fluid at 4, 24 and 48 h after rhIL-1 injection. SP was increased by 4 h, further increased at 24 h and remained elevated at 48 h.(More)
Placement of electrolytic lesions in the zona incerta or parafascicular nucleus of the rat forebrain resulted in a marked reduction of choline acetyltransferase (ChAc) activity in the head of the striatum 2-4 weeks later. Lesions of the habenula did not cause this effect implying that concomitant destruction of the fasciculus retroflexus with the(More)
A general synthetic approach to a novel series of cis-1,2,3,4,4a,9a-hexahydrobenzofuro[2,3-c]pyridin-6-ols is described together with their receptor-binding profile on opioid-receptor subtypes (mu, kappa, delta). In addition, their in vivo antinociceptive activity was assessed. A number of the analogues synthesized showed potent affinity for opioid(More)
Specific (3)H-spiroperidol ((3)H-Sp) binding was demonstrated to occur, in vivo, throughout the rat forebrain. The highest concentrations of (3)H-Sp were found in regions known to contain dopamine neuron terminals. Acute and repeated administration of low does of haloperidol decreased in vivo (3)H-Sp in subcortical but not cortical regions. Repeated(More)