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The topographical organization of ipsilateral retinal projections was investigated in the pigmented quail using different anatomical tracing techniques. The orthograde labeling patterns were examined after intraocular injections of tritiated tracers (autoradiography), horseradish peroxidase (HRP) either alone or combined with wheat germ agglutinin (WGA),(More)
The retinofugal projections of 5 species (Acanthodactylus boskianus, Scincus scincus, Tarentola mauritanica, Uromastix acanthinurus and Zonosaurus ornatus) belonging to 5 different families of Type I and Type II lizards have been examined by means of the radioautographic method. In the 5 species the retinal ganglion cells project to the contralateral(More)
The distribution of serotonin(5HT)-immunoreactive cell bodies, nerve fibers and terminals was investigated by light microscopy in the lamprey Lampetra fluviatilis. Twenty-three distinct groups of 5HT neuronal somata were identified from diencephalic to rhombencephalic levels in the brain. The diencephalon contained a subependymal population of(More)
The retinofugal projections of the chameleon were investigated by means of autoradiography, horseradish peroxidase and fluorescent techniques after intraocular injection of tracers. An ipsilateral contingent of visual fibers and projections is absent. The retinal fibers decussate completely in alternating fascicles at the optic chiasma and course to(More)
Projections of the pretectal region to forebrain and midbrain structures were examined in two species of turtles (Testudo horsfieldi and Emys orbicularis) by axonal tracing and immunocytochemical methods. Two ascending gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic pathways to thalamic visual centers were revealed: a weak projection from the retinorecipient nucleus(More)
The present study examined GABA immunoreactivity within the retinopetal nucleus isthmo-opticus (NIO) of the pigeon centrifugal visual system (CVS) using light- (immunohistofluorescence, peroxidase anti-peroxidase: PAP) and electron- (postembedding GABA immunogold) microscopic techniques. In some double-labeling experiments, the retrograde transport of the(More)
The retinal projections of the shark Scyliorhinus canicula were investigated using both the degeneration technique after eye removal and the radioautographic method following the intraocular injection of various tritiated tracers (proline, leucine, fucose, adenosine). The results showed contralateral projection via different optic tract components (TOM,(More)
Although first described over a century ago, the centrifugal visual system (CVS) projecting to the retina still remains somewhat of an enigma with regard to its functional role in visually-guided behavior. The highly developed avian CVS has been the most extensively investigated and the anatomical organization of its two component centrifugal structures,(More)
A quantitative investigation of the optic nerves of eight adult vipers was carried out, both at the level of resolution of the light microscope by stereological methods, and at the level of resolution of the electron microscope. The majority (87%) of axons are myelinated, and the fibers are organized in fascicles; each bundle of axons is disposed around a(More)