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Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is a progressive neuromuscular disorder which results from elongations of an unstable (CTG)n repeat, located in the 3' untranslated region of the DM gene. A correlation has been demonstrated between the increase in the repeat number of this sequence and the severity of the disease. However, the clinical status of patients cannot be(More)
Autosomal dominant hypercholesterolemia (ADH) is characterized by isolated elevation of plasmatic low-density lipoprotein cholesterol associated with high risk of premature cardiovascular complications. More than 1000 mutations in the LDLR gene and 9 in the APOB gene have been implicated. We have shown further heterogeneity with the discovery of missense(More)
Autosomal dominant hypercholesterolemia (ADH), one of the most frequent hereditary disorders, is characterized by an isolated elevation of LDL particles that leads to premature mortality from cardiovascular complications. It is generally assumed that mutations in the LDLR and APOB genes account for ADH. We identified one large French pedigree (HC2) and 12(More)
The genes encoding the low-density lipoproteins receptor and its ligand apolipoprotein B, have been the only two genes classically implicated in autosomal dominant hypercholesterolemia. We have identified in 2003, the third gene implicated in this disease: PCSK9 (Proprotein Convertase Subtilin Kexin 9). Several mutations (p.S127R, p.F216L, p.D374Y...) of(More)
BACKGROUND Our discovery in 2003 of the first mutations of PCSK9 gene causing autosomal dominant hypercholesterolaemia (ADH) shed light on an unknown factor that strongly influences the level of circulating low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). PCSK9 gain of function mutations cause hypercholesterolaemia by a reduction of LDL receptor levels, while(More)
Familial ligand-defective apolipoprotein B-100 (FDB) is an autosomal dominant disorder leading to plasma LDL cholesterol elevation and coronary artery disease (CAD). Two specific mutations in the APOB gene--R3500Q and R3531C--induce FDB. We report an original method to detect both mutations simultaneously, based upon PCR-mediated, site-directed mutagenesis(More)
Familial hypercholesterolemia and familial ligand-defective apolipoprotein B-100 (FDB) are dominantly inherited disorders leading to impaired low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and apolipoprotein B-100 (APOB) interaction, plasma LDL elevation, and hypercholesterolemia. We previously identified the first French FDB-R3531C proband, a woman with very high(More)
Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is an autosomal dominant neuromuscular disease. The mutation has been identified as an unstable trinucleotide CTG repeat in a sequence encoding a putative cAMP-dependent protein kinase. The CTG repeat varies in length between affected siblings, and generally increases through generations in parallel with increasing severity of the(More)
The molecular basis of myotonic dystrophy (DM) has been characterised. All DM mutations characterised to date appear as an unstable elongation of a fragment containing a tandem repeat of a CTG motif, which can be visualised in both EcoRI and BamHI digests. It has been shown that the fragment is polymorphic in the normal population. Another 1 kb(More)