Learn More
To identify control motifs involved in human type II collagen gene transcription in both differentiated and dedifferentiated rabbit articular chondrocytes, transient transfection experiments were performed. A 715-base pair (bp) region of the first intron (+2127/+2842), including a 153-bp sequence so far uncharacterized (+2689/+2842), was found to mediate(More)
OBJECTIVE Extracellular matrix deposition is tightly controlled by a network of regulatory cytokines. Among them, interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1) have been shown to play antagonistic roles in tissue homeostasis. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of IL-1beta on TGFbeta receptor type II(More)
We have previously shown that TGF-beta 1 exerts a bifunctional effect on RAC proliferation. Added to quiescent cultures, it inhibits the entry of G0/G1 cells into S phase whereas in S phase synchronized populations, it stimulates the DNA replication rate with a delayed G2 + M phase and a subsequent transient increase of cell number. As TGF-beta 2 and beta 3(More)
Sp1 and Sp3 effects on the transcription of the human alpha1(II) procollagen gene (COL2A1) were investigated in both differentiated and de-differentiated rabbit articular chondrocytes. Transient transfection with constructs of deleted COL2A1 promoter sequences driving the luciferase reporter gene revealed that the region spanning -266 to +121 base pairs(More)
OBJECTIVE Diacetylrhein or diacerein has shown efficacy in the treatment of both major forms of osteoarthritis (OA), coxarthrosis as well as gonarthrosis, improving clinical symptoms of the disease (pain reduction and algo-functional index). Both in-vitro and animal models studies suggest that diacerein may have also disease-modifying effects. The drug(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of avian chondroitin sulfate (CS) on interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta)-induced expression of genes related to catabolic, anabolic and inflammatory aspects in chondrocytes cultured in hypoxic alginate beads. DESIGN Articular chondrocytes from bovine metacarpal joint were isolated and cultured in alginate beads, using low oxygen(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the mechanisms by which cytokines and 17beta-oestradiol (17beta-E2) modulate gene expression and activity of uridine diphosphoglucose dehydrogenase (UGDH), a key enzyme of GAG synthesis in articular chondrocytes. METHODS Rabbit articular chondrocytes (RAC) from 3-week-old animals were incubated for 24 h with TGF-beta, insulin(More)
The effect of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta, 1 ng/ml) on proteoglycan synthesis by rabbit articular chondrocytes in culture was studied in the presence of fetal bovine serum. Exposure of confluent cells for 24 h to the factor resulted in a marked increase of 35S-labeled sulfate incorporation in the newly synthesized proteoglycans (PG), as(More)
Since transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has been shown earlier to induce the chondrocyte phenotype in embryonic rat mesenchymal cells with production of cartilage-specific type II collagen and proteoglycans, it was of interest to determine whether the factor could also influence the differentiation state of articular chondrocytes maintained in(More)