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Hydroxyurea (HU) is a DNA replication inhibitor that negatively affects both the elongation and initiation phases of replication and triggers the "intra-S phase checkpoint." Previous work with budding yeast has shown that, during a short exposure to HU, MEC1/RAD53 prevent initiation at some late S phase origins. In this study, we have performed microarray(More)
PURPOSE Dextranomer/hyaluronic acid injection of ureteral orifices is a popular option in the treatment of vesicoureteral reflux, with success rates ranging from 69% to 89%. We found only 1 study that followed patients beyond the initial postoperative voiding cystourethrogram, which describes a 96% success rate at 2 to 5 years but defines success as(More)
INTRODUCTION Appendicitis is the most common emergency condition in children. Historically, a 3-drug regimen consisting of ampicillin, gentamicin, and clindamycin (AGC) has been used postoperatively for perforated appendicitis. A retrospective review at our institution has found single day dosing of ceftriaxone and metronidazole (CM) to be a more simple and(More)
INTRODUCTION In a previous prospective randomized trial, we found a once-a-day regimen of ceftriaxone and metronidazole to be an efficient, cost-effective treatment for children with perforated appendicitis. In this study, we evaluated the safety of discharging patients to complete an oral course of antibiotics. METHODS Children found to have perforated(More)
Gastrointestinal complications of chemotherapy may be serious and potentially life-threatening. Familiarity with and awareness of the potential complications associated with various chemotherapeutic agents/regimens is paramount to enable accurate and timely diagnosis. In this article we review the radiological manifestations of the most notable(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic appendectomy through a single umbilical incision is an emerging approach supported by several case series. However, to date, prospective comparative data are lacking. Therefore, we conducted a prospective, randomized trial comparing single site umbilical laparoscopic appendectomy to 3-port laparoscopic appendectomy. METHODS After(More)
AIM To assess the efficacy of polyethylene glycol solution as an oral contrast agent in a patient population. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients were fasted from 12.00 am. Administration of the oral contrast medium commenced 15 min before imaging and comprised one sachet of Norgine (Klean-prep, Middlesex, UK) reconstituted in 1 l water of which the patient(More)
BACKGROUND Pyloric stenosis, the most common surgical condition of infants, is treated by longitudinal myotomy of the pylorus. Comparative studies to date between open and laparoscopic pyloromyotomy have been retrospective and report conflicting results. To scientifically compare the 2 techniques, we conducted the first large prospective, randomized trial(More)
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) primarily affects premature newborns. Regional and national decreases in the mean birthweight and gestational age of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admissions prompted a review of NEC in VLBW (very low birth weight, defined as < 1,000 g) infants in our institution over a 25-year period. There were 266 patients treated(More)
INTRODUCTION Perforated appendicitis is a common condition in children, which, in a small number of patients, may be complicated by a well-formed abscess. Initial nonoperative management with percutaneous drainage/aspiration of the abscess followed by intravenous antibiotics usually allows for an uneventful interval appendectomy. Although this strategy has(More)