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Optical surface scanning technologies produce dense three-dimensional (3D) data sets, which allow detailed analysis of surface morphology. This paper describes a method of analysing change in facial shape independently of change in size. The 3D data from three male subjects from the age of 6-21 years were recorded using an optical surface scanner. A series(More)
The purpose of this prospective study was to help distinguish the relative contributions of heredity and environment to the external facial features and to assess the relative strength of the genetic influence on anteroposterior and vertical facial parameters, by using 3-dimensional optical surface scanning and the inferential twin method. The subject group(More)
One of the problems of patients with facial asymmetry is that two dimensional analysis of such patients does not give a satisfactory picture of the underlying problem. Various methods have been suggested to overcome this problem, such as stereophotogrammetry (Burke et al. 1983) and Moire fringes (Takasaki 1970, Xenofos and Jones 1979). These methods are(More)
The objective of the investigation was to study the three-dimensional growth of the face, and to examine the hypothesis that there are three-dimensional differences between the faces of boys and girls. The subjects comprised 132 British Caucasians aged 5-10 years measured by optical surface scanning in this cross-sectional study. Average scans for each age(More)
  • J P Moss
  • 2006
The article illustrates the value of three-dimensional imaging of the face and jaws in the diagnosis and treatment of patients. The applications of programs that have been written for the analysis of facial form are also described, including registration and prediction. The use of the Procrustes analysis is demonstrated in groups of children and adults to(More)
The three-dimensional changes in the bone and the ratio of soft tissue to bone movement were investigated in a group of 24 cleft palate patients following Le Fort I osteotomy. CT scans were taken for each patient preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively. The scans were superimposed, radial measurements calculated, and the changes illustrated by two(More)
A capacitance transducer was used to measure the changes in the distance between pairs of adjacent teeth following the removal of tooth contact. Ten pairs of incisors and cheek teeth were studied over periods of several hours in three adult monkeys. Compared with minor changes in control tooth pairs, there was a sustained approximation of the capacitance(More)
The difficulties of localizing landmarks using standardized lateral skull radiographs has been acknowledged. A method is described for producing an objective way of identifying landmarks on the facial profile leading to a useful segmentation and quantitative description of the contours and features of the face. The method uses scale space filtering(More)