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A new method for comparing and aligning protein sequences is described. This method, hydrophobic cluster analysis (HCA), relies upon a two-dimensional (2D) representation of the sequences. Hydrophobic clusters are determined in this 2D pattern and then used for the sequence comparisons. The method does not require powerful computer resources and can deal(More)
Ten years after the idea of hydrophobic cluster analysis (HCA) was conceived and first published, theoretical and practical experience has shown this unconventional method of protein sequence analysis to be particularly efficient and sensitive, especially with families of sequences sharing low levels of sequence identity. This extreme sensitivity has made(More)
We describe herein an atomic model of the outward-facing three-dimensional structure of the membrane-spanning domains (MSDs) and nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs) of human cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), based on the experimental structure of the bacterial transporter Sav1866. This model, which is in agreement with previous(More)
The band 4.1 domain was first identified in the red blood cell protein band 4.1, and subsequently in ezrin, radixin, and moesin (ERM proteins) and other proteins, including tumor suppressor merlin/schwannomin, talin, unconventional myosins VIIa and X, and protein tyrosine phosphatases. Recently, the presence of a structurally related domain has been(More)
MN is a transmembrane glycoprotein that has been detected in HeLa cells and in some human carcinomas. The expression of MN protein in HeLa cells is regulated by cell density. In HeLa x fibroblast cell hybrids its expression correlates with tumorigenicity. Using a specific monoclonal antibody we have identified a cDNA clone coding for MN. Analysis of the(More)
Inherited mutations in BRCA1 predispose to breast and ovarian cancer, but the biological function of the BRCA1 protein has remained largely elusive. The recent correspondence of Koonin et al. [Koonin, E.V., Altschul, S.F. and Bork, P. (1996) Nature Genet. 13, 266-267] has emphasized the potential importance of the BRCA1 C-terminal region for BRCA1-mediated(More)
Hydrophobic cluster analysis (HCA) [15] is a very efficient method to analyse and compare protein sequences. Despite its effectiveness, this method is not widely used because it relies in part on the experience and training of the user. In this article, detailed guidelines as to the use of HCA are presented and include discussions on: the definition of the(More)
The regions surrounding the catalytic amino acids previously identified in a few "retaining" O-glycosyl hydrolases (EC 3.2.1) have been analyzed by hydrophobic cluster analysis and have been used to define sequence motifs. These motifs have been found in more than 150 glycosyl hydrolase sequences representing at least eight established protein families that(More)