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BPH/2J mice are a genetic model of hypertension associated with an overactive sympathetic nervous system. Orexin is a neuropeptide which influences sympathetic activity and blood pressure. Orexin precursor mRNA expression is greater in hypothalamic tissue of BPH/2J compared with normotensive BPN/3J mice. To determine whether enhanced orexinergic signaling(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined whether a specific increase in sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity accounts for the enhanced depressor response to ganglion blockade in angiotensin II (AngII)-induced hypertension in rabbits or whether it reflects a general increased sensitivity of arterial pressure to vasodilatation. METHODS Rabbits were renal denervated or(More)
OBJECTIVE Activation of renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) has not been observed during long-term infusion of angiotensin II (AngII) which results in marked hypertension, despite activation of hypothalamic autonomic regions. We examined whether the function of central pathways influencing sympathetic activity is altered in conscious rabbits given a low(More)
We examined the contribution of the renal nerves to mean arterial pressure (MAP) during 5-week chronic infusion of angiotensin II (Ang II; 50 ng/kg per minute SC) in conscious rabbits. Basal MAP was 68+/-1 mm Hg, and the maximum depressor response to ganglion blockade was -20+/-2 mm Hg. MAP increased by 25+/-2 mm Hg after 1 week and remained stable over the(More)
One of the main constraints associated with recording sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) in both humans and experimental animals is that microvolt values reflect characteristics of the recording conditions and limit comparisons between different experimental groups. The nasopharyngeal response has been validated for normalizing renal SNA (RSNA) in conscious(More)
NEW FINDINGS What is the central question of this study? Is the elevated tonic renal nerve activity induced by chronic angiotensin administration mediated by recruitment or increased firing frequency and does this occur via stress, chemoreflex or baroreflex pathways? What is the main finding and its importance? Long-term angiotensin treatment in rabbits(More)
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