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Genetic hemochromatosis (GH) is believed to be a disease restricted to those of European ancestry. In northwestern Europe, >80% of GH patients are homozygous for one mutation, the substitution of tyrosine for cysteine at position 282 (C282Y) in the unprocessed protein. In a proportion of GH patients, two mutations are present, C282Y and H63D. The clinical(More)
The metabolism of labelled pyruvate followed by 13C NMR and the measure of glutamine synthetase (GS) showed, according to previous results, a high activity of this enzyme in suspension cells of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia. This activity could derive glutamate from the alkaloid synthesizing pathways. However, a recent work showed that the rate of the GS gene(More)
A compound present in normal urine and in ultrafiltrates of uremic plasma in the fraction of so-called "uremic middle molecules" was isolated by liquid chromatography. Preliminary studies, including amino acid analysis, characterization of uronic acids, and ultraviolet spectroscopy, show that the molecule contains glycine, a uronic acid, and an aromatic(More)
Polyphenols are known for their impact on health and one of their major properties is the formation of complexes with proteins. To investigate the involvement of polyphenol-protein complexes in health, the interactions between bioactive polyphenols and neurotensin were examined by structural NMR and molecular modeling. Neurotensin is a linear bioactive(More)
Epidemiological studies have shown that the incidence of some cardiovascular degenerative diseases appears to be lower in populations with regular but moderate drinking of red wine rich in polyphenols. One of the most important properties of polyphenols is to form complexes with proteins. The linear nonapeptide hormone bradykinin(More)
Bradykinin is a bioactive hormone involved in a variety of physiological processes. In various solvents, this peptide adopts beta-turn structures. The C-terminal turn is a structural feature for the receptor affinity of agonists and antagonists while the N-terminal turn might be important for antagonistic activities. Polyphenols like dimeric(More)
Dietary polyphenols have received attention for their anti-oxidative, anti-carcinogenic and anti-neurodegenerative effects. Polyphenols bind to proteins leading to the formation of soluble or insoluble protein-polyphenol complexes which could significantly influence their biological activities. NMR and molecular modeling studies were performed to(More)
Genetic hemochromatosis (GH) is a common inherited disease of iron metabolism affecting 2-5 in 1000 individuals of European origin. A candidate gene for GH, namely HFE has been recently characterized. Structural studies of the protein product of the HFE gene are of major interest for a better understanding of the molecular physiopathology in iron overload.(More)
Five stilbenoids, E-resveratrol, E-piceatannol, (+) E-(epsilon)-viniferin, (+)-ampelopsin A and vitisin C were isolated from methyl tert-butyl ether (MtBE) stem extract of Vitis vinifera (Chardonnay cv). Their purification on a preparative scale was obtained by centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC) using quaternary Arizona solvent systems composed of(More)