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A cDNA containing the complete amino acid-coding region of wound-induced tomato Inhibitor II was constructed in the plasmid pUC9. The open reading frame codes for 148 amino acids including a 25-amino acid signal sequence preceding the N-terminal lysine of the mature Inhibitor II. The Inhibitor II sequence exhibits two domains, one domain having a trypsin(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells were transformed with plasmids containing hybrid genes in which the sequence encoding mature human epidermal growth factor was joined to sequences encoding the leader region (preprosegment) of the precursor of the yeast mating pheromone alpha-factor. These cells accurately process the hybrid protein and efficiently secrete(More)
A cDNA containing the coding region for the complete amino acid sequence of wound-induced proteinase Inhibitor I from tomato leaves was constructed in the plasmid pUC9 and characterized. The open reading frame codes for a protein of 111 amino acids. This deduced amino acid sequence revealed the presence of a 42-amino acid N-terminal sequence that is not(More)
Cachectin (tumor necrosis factor), a protein produced in large quantities by endotoxin-activated macrophages, has been implicated as an important mediator of the lethal effect of endotoxin. Recombinant human cachectin was infused into rats in an effort to determine whether cachectin, by itself, can elicit the derangements of host physiology caused by(More)
The RNA genome of human hepatitis A virus (HAV) was molecularly cloned. Recombinant DNA clones representing the entire HAV RNA were used to determine the primary structure of the viral genome. The length of the viral genome is 7478 nucleotides. An open reading frame starting at nucleotide 734 and terminating at nucleotide 7415 encodes a polyprotein of Mr(More)
We have isolated four insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) from adult human serum by insulin-like growth factor (IGF) I affinity chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography. A 36-kDa binding protein (BP), not digestible with N-glycanase, is increased in patients with extrapancreatic tumor hypoglycemia and during IGF I(More)
Human coagulation factor VIII:C has been purified approximately 5000-fold from commercial preparations with an average activity yield of 35%. Proteins of 92 kD and 77-80 kD enriched during purification are precipitated by a human serum polyclonal antibody which inhibits factor VIII:C activity. Evidence suggests that these polypeptides are linked by a(More)
In the course of studies on cachectin/TNF being conducted in our laboratory, a novel macrophage product has been detected and characterized. Termed macrophage inflammatory protein or MIP, this protein appears to be an endogenous mediator of the inflammatory events induced by endotoxin. A cDNA cloned probe for this protein has been isolated from a lambda(More)
The insulin-like growth factors (IGF) I and II are single-chain serum proteins of 70 and 67 amino acids, respectively, which are synthesized by the liver and possibly other tissues. They are probably required for normal fetal and postnatal growth and development. They also stimulate the growth of cultured cells, possibly by controlling the progression(More)
Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and insulin stem from a common precursor, are structural homologues, act through similar receptors and elicit insulin-like and growth-promoting effects in vitro and in vivo. Serum IGF-I levels are controlled by growth hormone, insulin and nutrition. Insulin-deficient growth-arrested diabetic animals have reduced serum(More)