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BACKGROUND This study was proposed to investigate the changes in the utilization of knee arthroscopy in an ambulatory setting over the past decade in the United States as well as its implications. METHODS The National Survey of Ambulatory Surgery, last carried out in 1996, was conducted again in 2006 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. We(More)
Periprosthetic fractures of the distal femur above a total knee arthroplasty present a challenging surgical problem for orthopedic surgeons. Numerous operative and nonoperative treatment options exist including casting, Rush rods, supracondylar nails, and plate fixation. Potentially significant complications are associated with all current treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Although early aseptic mechanical failure after total knee arthroplasty has been reported in younger patients, it is unknown whether early revision due to periprosthetic joint infection is more or less frequent in this patient subgroup. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the incidence of early periprosthetic joint infection(More)
The local delivery of antibiotics in the treatment of osteomyelitis has been used safely and effectively for decades. Multiple methods of drug delivery have been developed for the purposes of both infection treatment and prophylaxis. The mainstay of treatment in this application over the past 20 years has been non-biodegradable polymethylmethacrylate, which(More)
Prophylactic parenteral antibiotics have contributed to the present low rate of surgical site infections following hip and knee arthroplasty. Over the past decade, there has been a change in the pattern of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections from hospital-acquired to community-acquired. The findings of recent studies on screening programs(More)
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether simultaneous-bilateral total knee arthroplasty is as safe as staged-bilateral arthroplasty is. We are aware of no randomized trials comparing the safety of these surgical strategies. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively compare these two strategies, with use of an intention-to-treat approach for the(More)
In a study of the effects of heart failure on the responses of cardiac receptors, ten dogs were subjected to tricuspid avulsion and pulmonary artery stenosis. One case of spontaneous heart failure was included in the series, and the electrical spike responses of atrial receptors to progressive changes in atrial stretch induced by infusion and hemorrhage(More)
The corpora cavernosa contain a fibrous skeleton composed of tunica albuginea with its fibrous columns, periarterial and perineural fibrous sheaths, and an intraparenchymal fibrous framework attached to all fibrous elements of the corpora cavernosa. This anatomical arrangement probably plays an important part in the firmness of the corpora cavernosa during(More)