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This report describes rapid analytical HPLC for the quantification of five UV filters (octyl methoxycinnamate, benzophenone-3, benzophenone-4, octyl triazone and octocrylene) and of caffeine in various skin layers (stratum corneum, dermis, epidermis and receptor fluid) and in cosmetic preparations. The predominant purpose of the study was to establish(More)
This article gives the results of a study whose aim was to compare the compartmental distribution and absorption of 5 UV filters, in vitro, by fresh human skin, after exposure times of 30 min and 16 h. These UV filters from BASF (octyl methoxycinnamate, benzophenone 4, benzophenone 3, octyl triazone and octocrylene) were incorporated separately in a simple(More)
This study compared in man the in vivo barrier function of stratum corneum in three racial groups: black, Caucasian and Asian, by two noninvasive technics. They were transepidermal water loss (TEWL) determination measured with an evaporimeter and laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) to measure the lag time before the vasodilation induced by application of methyl(More)
The metabolism of endogenous and exogenous amino acids has been characterized during a 16-h fast after birth in the rat. Eighteen of 22 amino acids showed a decrease in plasma concentration up to 16 h, the most profound and sustained changes affecting those quantitatively important in gluconeogenesis. The hepatic accumulation of injected(More)
Green tea (Camellia sinensis) and Ginkgo biloba extracts in cosmetic formulations have been suggested to protect the skin against UV-induced damage and skin ageing. Thus, it is very important to assess the human skin penetration of their major flavonoids to verify if they penetrate and remain in the skin to exert their proposed effects. The aim of this(More)
In Pleurodeles waltl, the early neuronal differentiation of precursor cells from late gastrula stage has been studied by culture in vitro from either isolated neural plate (NP) or isolated neural fold (NF). The aim of this study was to delineate the information acquired by ectodermal target cells during neural induction. By culturing these cells in vitro(More)
Short high-voltage pulses have recently been shown to dramatically increase and expedite transdermal drug transport via a mechanism hypothesized to involve electroporation. This study addresses tolerance issues of the method in vivo in hairless rat. Chromametry, transepidermal water loss (TEWL), laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) and corneometry were jointly(More)
Synopsis The photoprotective efficacy of some topical sunscreens was determined ex-vivo by spectrophotometric assay using an irradiation monochromator and a diffuse reflectance sphere. Transmission scans were run from 400 to 290 nm through human epidermis samples before and after application of products and protection factors (PF) were calculated. The(More)
We measured the release rate characteristics of caffeine from concentrated emulsions using three different sources of synthetic membranes. The formulations tested included, on the one hand, two stable cosmetic concentrated W/O emulsions (90% w/w) - one with a non ionic surfactant and one with a silicone surfactant - and on the other hand, a commercially(More)
This study evaluated the toxicokinetics of [(14)C]di-n-butylphthalate ([(14)C]DBP) after an intravenous administration (1 and 10 mg/kg, in Cremophor) or a topical application (10 microl/cm(2); 10 cm(2), neat) in haired male Sprague-Dawley rats. Additional in vivo and in vitro percutaneous penetration studies of [(14)C]DBP were conducted on male and female(More)