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In this paper, we compare and analyze the results from automatic analysis and visual scoring of nocturnal sleep recordings. The validation is based on a sleep recording set of 60 subjects (33 males and 27 females), consisting of three groups: 20 normal controls subjects, 20 depressed patients and 20 insomniac patients treated with a benzodiazepine. The(More)
Apomorphine, a dopamine receptor agonist (given in a dose of 0.75 mg s.c.), was administered to 8 healthy volunteers; electroencephalograph (EEG) and event-related potential (ERP) mapping were performed before dosing and 0.5, 1.5 and 2.5 h after dosing. Apomorphine caused an overall increase in beta activity at time 0.5 h in both absolute and relative(More)
We describe an approach to automatic all-night sleep analysis based on neural network models and simulated on a digital computer. First, automatic sleep stage scoring was performed using a multilayer feedforward network. Second, supervision of the automatic decision was achieved using ambiguity rejection and artifact rejection. Then, numerical analysis of(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to evaluate the first-night effect in depressed inpatients, using standard sleep measures as well as all-night spectral analysis of the sleep electroencephalogram (EEG). METHODS Eighteen drug-free, depressed inpatients were studied for 3 consecutive nights in the hospital sleep laboratory. RESULTS Visual sleep(More)
The neuroendocrine responses to the alpha(2)-adrenoreceptor agonist clonidine (CLO) (0.35 mg if body weight <65 kg or 0.375 mg if body weight> or =65 kg, PO) were studied in a large group of subjects: 134 drug-free inpatients--with either DSM-IV schizophrenia (SCZ, n=31), schizoaffective disorder (SAD, n=16), or major depressive episode (MDE, n=87) - and 22(More)
BACKGROUND This study sought to determine whether changes in thyroid function that may occur during antidepressant treatment are related to a direct effect of the drug on the thyroid axis or to a change in clinical state. METHODS Morning and evening thyroid function was evaluated in 30 euthyroid inpatients who met DSM-IV criteria for major depressive(More)
It is well established that plasma prolactin (PRL) concentrations exhibit a sleep-dependent pattern, with the highest levels occurring during sleep and the lowest during waking. Still, controversy exists concerning an association between rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM sleep cycles and plasma PRL pulses. These studies were all based on conventional(More)
This investigation of fluvoxamine and fluoxetine-norfluoxetine distributions in vivo at steady-state and of quantitative kinetics in brain and plasma after drug therapy interruption was performed by fluorine nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (19F MRS), spectroscopic imaging (MRSI), and plasma HPLC on 12 subjects treated for depression. MRSI suggests a(More)
This paper is a review of the main interpolation methods applicable to 3-dimensional EEG mapping. The use of simple statistical comparison methods on recorded EEG maps allowed us to evaluate the qualities of interpolation methods belonging to 3 mathematical families (barycentric, polynomial, spline). A combination of a 3-dimensional representation of EEG(More)
The goal of the present study was to evaluate the first-night effect in psychiatric inpatients using large subject samples (n > 30) in order to obtain a good statistical evaluation. Thirty-two normal subjects and 94 psychiatric inpatients (38 depressives and 56 insomniacs) were studied for three consecutive nights in the hospital sleep laboratory. Our(More)