J. P. Lavigne

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The aim of the study was to assess the frequency and diversity of carbapenemases and extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) produced by Escherichia coli isolates from patients hospitalised in the Regional Military Hospital of Constantine (Algeria). E. coli isolates were collected over a 2-year period from patients presenting E. coli infections. Strains with(More)
Citrobacter spp. are aerobic, gram-negative bacilli that are frequently found in water, soil, food, and the intestines of animals and humans [1]. Even though their level of virulence is low and they rarely cause infections in humans, these pathogens have been associated with a wide spectrum of infections involving the central nervous system and the(More)
In February 2011, the CARB-LR group was created as a sentinel laboratory-based surveillance network to control the emergence of carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacilli (CR GNB) in a French Southern Region. We report the epidemiological results of a 2-year study. All the Gram-negative bacilli isolates detected in the different labs (hospital and community(More)
The objectives of this study were to determine rates, patterns, and mechanisms of antibiotic resistance, and to assess connections between chicken commensal, human commensal, and pathogenic ciprofloxacin-resistant Escherichia coli isolates. All E. coli isolates collected from chickens, their farmers, and patients in the Constantine region (North-east(More)
Infection of diabetic foot ulcers is common; at early stages it is difficult to differentiate between non-infected ulcers (or those colonised with normal flora) and ulcers infected with virulent bacteria that lead to deterioration. This pilot study aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of inflammatory markers as an aid to making this distinction. We(More)
The emergence of carbapenemase-producing Gram-negative bacilli is a worldwide problem. To date, no study has evaluated the prevalence of faecal carriage of carbapenemase-producing and carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacilli (CR GNB) in France. From 1 February to 30 April 2012, we conducted a prospective, multicentre study in three University Hospitals(More)
There is evidence for the interest of 18F-fluoro-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography with computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT) in fever of unknown origin (FUO) clinical investigation. However, little and conflicting data exist about its place in the investigation procedure. The aim of this work was to evaluate the clinical value of 18F-FDG-PET/CT in(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the presence of oxyiminocephalosporin-resistant (OCR) Gram-negative bacilli and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing isolates in stool specimens obtained from paediatric patients hospitalised for acute diarrhoea. We conducted a prospective, multicentre study over a period of 6 months in seven hospitals in the(More)
Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) is a 28-amino acid peptide hormone with potent natriuretic, diuretic and vasodilator properties. Isolation and DNA sequence analysis of rat and human cDNA clones revealed that ANF is synthesized from a 126-amino acid precursor which is highly conserved in both species. Southern blot analysis indicated that the ANF gene is(More)
Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) is a 28-amino acid peptide hormone of cardiac origin. It has natriuretic, diuretic and vasorelaxant properties and inhibits several cardiovascular modulators. Because of the possible effects of arginine vasopressin (AVP) on ANF secretion, we have investigated ANF gene expression in Brattleboro rats which are genetically(More)