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A sensitive colorimetric microassay for determining haemolytic complement activity was devised. It is carried out in U-welled microtitre dishes covered with plastic tape, which are incubated in a waterbath and subsequently centrifuged. The supernatant is transferred to flat-bottomed microtitre dishes and haemolysis is estimated by automatic measuring of the(More)
Almost monodisperse heparin fractions (Mw/Mn less than 1.1) were obtained by gel filtration of a commercial heparin. These fractions were assayed for anticoagulant activity (thrombin times and APTT), chromogenic anti-factor Xa activity, inhibitory activity for the human classical complement pathway, carboxyl group content and total sulfate content. Linear(More)
The interference of an aqueous extract of the stem bark of Azadirachta indica with different parts of the human immune system was investigated. The extract showed strong anticomplementary effects which were dose-and time-dependent and most pronounced in the classical complement pathway assay. Moreover, a dose-dependent decrease in the chemiluminescence of(More)
In a recent paper, a linkage between immunological adjuvant activity in mice and in vitro anticomplementary (alternative pathway assay) effects was described for different polyanions. This connection was found only if mouse serum was used as a complement (C) source. In order to investigate the possible role of C in adjuvant activity, the differential(More)
The influence of monosaccharides on the humoral immune response of mice to normal and neuraminidase-treated sheep red blood cells (SRBC) was investigated. In these studies, both the sugars and antigen were administered i.p. D-Galactose displayed adjuvant activity for neuraminidase-treated but not for normal SRBC. This activity was optimal at an antigen dose(More)
Alternative complement pathway activity in mouse peritoneal fluid was determined by a sensitive microtiter assay with rabbit erythrocytes as target cells and cobra venom factor as the inducer of bystander hemolysis. The intra- and interstrain variations in five mouse strains were 30% and, maximally, 64%, respectively. No activity was detected in genetically(More)
Complement (C) inactivation by ammonia, ethylenediamine and methylamine in mouse serum was studied in relation to a possible adjuvant effect of the substances in a cell-mediated immune response. The amines caused a dose-dependent depletion of both alternative pathway (AP) and overall C activity in vitro and showed also pronounced adjuvant effects in the(More)
The role of complement receptors on the localization of T and B cells in the spleen of mice was studied using short-term homing experiments in cobra venom factor (CoF)-treated animals. The localization ratio of B and T cells in the spleen of CoF-treated mice decreased significantly compared to control recipients. No changes could be found in the relative(More)
The anti-complementary effects of the surface-active immunological adjuvants dimethyldioctadecylammonium bromide (DDA) and pluronic polyols L101 and L121 were investigated in the mouse system. All three adjuvants showed complement (C)-inactivating effects. DDA caused a time- and dose-dependent reduction of alternative pathway (AP) and overall C activity,(More)