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Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, the two main types of chronic inflammatory bowel disease, are multifactorial conditions of unknown aetiology. A susceptibility locus for Crohn's disease has been mapped to chromosome 16. Here we have used a positional-cloning strategy, based on linkage analysis followed by linkage disequilibrium mapping, to identify(More)
Molecular phylogenetic analyses of 113 taxa representing Ascaridida, Rhigonematida, Spirurida and Oxyurida were used to infer a more comprehensive phylogenetic hypothesis for representatives of 'clade III'. The posterior probability of multiple alignment sites was used to exclude or weight characters, yielding datasets that were analysed using maximum(More)
Children and adolescents with Crohn's disease (CD) present often with a more complicated disease course compared to adult patients. In addition, the potential impact of CD on growth, pubertal and emotional development of patients underlines the need for a specific management strategy of pediatric-onset CD. To develop the first evidenced based and consensus(More)
Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis are the major forms of chronic inflammatory bowel diseases in the western world, and occur in young adults with an estimated prevalence of more than one per thousand inhabitants. The causes of inflammatory bowel diseases remain unknown, but genetic epidemiology studies suggest that inherited factors may contribute(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the feasibility and value of transabdominal ultrasonography of the terminal ileum and colon of children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and to compare the findings with those of ileocolonoscopy. STUDY DESIGN Thirty-eight patients ranging in age from 4 to 18 years who underwent ileocolonoscopy for management of IBD or for(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are complex genetic disorders. CARD15/NOD2, a member of the Ced4 superfamily which includes Apaf-1 and CARD4/NOD1, has recently been associated with genetic predisposition to CD but additional genetic factors remain to be identified. Because(More)
OBJECTIVES Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), e.g., Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is a complex genetic disorder. Tumor necrosis factor (ligand) superfamily, member 15 (TNFSF15) has been previously identified as a susceptibility gene for CD in Japanese and UK cohorts. This replication study was designed in order to confirm and further(More)
Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) of unknown aetiology which are characterised by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Epidemiological studies suggest the presence of a genetic component in the aetiology of both CD and UC. A susceptibility gene for Crohn's disease has recently been mapped(More)
BACKGROUND Crohn's disease is a heterogeneous entity. Disease behaviour, characterised as stricturing, penetrating, or non-stricturing non-penetrating, is a clinically important phenotype as it is associated with complications and need for surgery. It has recently been showed that the behaviour of Crohn's disease changes over the course of the disease. (More)