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In the marine environment, the antifouling (AF) properties of various kinds of hydrogels against sessile marine organisms (algae, sea squirts, barnacles) were tested in a long-term experiment. The results demonstrate that most hydrogels can endure at least 2 months in the marine environment. In particular, mechanically tough PAMPS/PAAm DN and PVA gels(More)
—A highly nonlinear system controlled by a linear model predictive controller (MPC) may not exhibit a satisfactory dynamic performance. This has led to the development of a number of nonlinear MPC (NMPC) approaches that permit the use of first principles-based nonlinear models. Such models can be accurate over a wide range of operating conditions, but may(More)
BACKGROUND It has been a common belief that articular cartilage tissue cannot regenerate in vivo. Recently, however, we have found that spontaneous hyaline cartilage regeneration can be induced in vivo by implanting a synthetic double-network (DN) hydrogel, which is composed of poly-(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid) (PAMPS) and poly-(N,N'-dimethyl(More)
BACKGROUND Functional repair of articular osteochondral defects remains a major challenge not only in the field of knee surgery but also in tissue regeneration medicine. The purpose is to clarify whether the spontaneous hyaline cartilage regeneration can be induced in a large osteochondral defect created in the femoral condyle by means of implanting a novel(More)
Biopolymers such as DNA, F-actins, and microtubules, which are highly charged, rodlike polyelectrolytes, are assembled into architectures with defined morphology and size by electrostatic interaction with multivalent cations (or polycations) in vivo and in vitro. The physical origin to determine their morphology and size is not clearly understood yet. Our(More)
In this paper, we reveal that microtubules (MTs), reconstructed from tubulin in vitro in the presence of guanosine-5'-triphosphate (GTP), have a ring or spiral shape on a motor protein-fixed surface, and these MTs show biased motion in the counterclockwise direction. By cross-linking these MTs during the sliding motion, we obtained large ring-shaped MT(More)
BACKGROUND A double-network (DN) gel, which is composed of poly(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid) and poly(N,N'-dimethyl acrylamide), can induce hyaline cartilage regeneration in vivo in a large osteochondral defect. The purpose of this study was to clarify the influence of the thickness of the implanted DN gel on the induction ability of hyaline(More)
Interfacial structures of water at polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and poly(2-acrylamido-2-methypropane) sulfonic acid sodium salt (PNaAMPS)/quartz interfaces were investigated by sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy. Two broad peaks were observed in OH stretching region at 3200 and 3400 cm(-1), corresponding to the symmetric OH stretching of tetrahedrally(More)
We show that F-actins form three-dimensional giant network under uni-directional diffusion of polycations, at a dilute actin concentration (0.01 mg/mL) that only bundles are formed by homogeneous mixing with polycations. The mesh size of the actin network depends on polycation concentration and ionic strength, while bundle thickness of network depends only(More)