J. P. Digoutte

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After an outbreak of Rift Valley fever in Southern Mauritania in 1987, entomologic studies were conducted in a bordering region in Sénégal from 1991 to 1996 to identify the sylvatic vectors of Rift Valley fever virus. The virus was isolated from the floodwater mosquitoes Aedes vexans and Ae. ochraceus. In 1974 and 1983, the virus had been isolated from Ae.(More)
Dengue 2 and dengue 4 viruses were isolated and re-isolated by inoculation into Aedes pseudoscutellaris continuous cell line (Mos 61) and/or Toxrhynchites brevipalpis. The strain of dengue 2 had been isolated from a patient returning from Casamance (south-western Senegal) and two strains of dengue 4 from patients who lived in Dakar and had not been outside(More)
We compared the sequence of an envelope protein gene fragment from 21 temporally distinct West Nile (WN) virus strains, isolated in nine African countries and in France. Alignment of nucleotide sequences defined two groups of viruses which diverged by up to 29%. The first group of subtypes is composed of nine WN strains from France and Africa. The(More)
During 1990, Dengue-2 (DEN-2) virus was isolated for the first time from mosquitoes (Aedes furcifer, six isolates; Ae. taylori, six isolates; Ae. luteocephalus, seven isolates) collected during an epidemic in which DEN-2 virus also was isolated from humans. Numerous isolations have been made previously from mosquitoes in the absence of human infection. In(More)
Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), a phlebovirus of the Bunyaviridae family, is an arthropod-borne virus which emerges periodically throughout Africa, emphasizing that it poses a major threat for animal and human populations. To assess the genetic variability of RVFV, several isolates from diverse localities of Africa were investigated by means of reverse(More)
Although up to 50% of African green monkeys (AGMs) are infected by simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIV) in their natural habitat, they remain asymptomatic carriers of these lentiviruses. They provide an attractive model to study not only the origin but also the link among genetic variation, host-virus adaptation, and pathogenicity of primate lentiviruses.(More)
During August and September 1988, we collected adult mosquitoes from 14 locations in the Senegal River basin to search for evidence of Rift Valley fever (RVF) viral activity one year after the 1987 outbreak, which occurred along the Senegal-Mauritania border. More than 62,000 specimens representing 18 species in seven genera were collected with carbon(More)
In two areas of Senegal where previous evidence of Rift Valley fever (RVF) virus circulation was detected, Barkedji in the Sahelian bioclimatic zone and Kedougou in the Sudano-Guinean zone, a longitudinal study of the enzootic maintenance of RVF virus was undertaken from 1991 to 1993. Mosquitoes, sand flies, and ticks were collected and domestic ungulates(More)
After the previously reported isolations of dengue 2 virus in eastern Senegal in 1974 and 1981-1982, a retrospective serological study on simian and human populations was carried out in the same area. We investigated 1,095 simian sera collected at regular intervals between 1974 and 1984 from wild caught monkeys and 1,783 human sera from young children less(More)