J. P. Desmazes

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The use of bimolecular lipid membranes (BLM) as model membrane allows the analysis of the transport of mercury compounds across the lipidic barriers of biological membranes. The results of flux measurements show that two mercury compounds--HgCl2 and CH3HgCl--cross the BLM but the overall permeabilities are dependent on the pH of the aqueous media, and are(More)
Activation of purified calpain I proceeds through a Ca(2+)-induced autolysis from the 80 kDa catalytic subunit to a 76 kDa form via an intermediate 78 kDa form, and from a 30 kDa form to a 18 kDa form as the result of two autocatalytic processes (intra and intermolecular). The minimum Ca2+ requirements for autolysis and proteolysis have been determined by(More)
It has been claimed that purified poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) is able only to aggregate cells and not to fuse them. In our hands, purified PEG 6000 (recrystallized/dialysed) induces both aggregation and fusion of human erythrocytes, and the mechanism of fusion by the purified polymer has been investigated with fluorescent probes. No movement of a(More)
A method, using albumin-pyrene complexes, has been developed for labeling, in a controlled manner, crab leg nerves whose excitability was preserved. The excimer-to-monomer fluorescence intensity ratio of pyrene, embedded in nerve membrane lipids and in their crude lipid extracts, is a fluidity parameter which displayed the following features with(More)
The role of the calcium ion Ca2+ as an agent of intracellular control in a variety of physiological processes is well established. In vertebrate skeletal muscle fibers, Ca2+ is involved in muscle contraction, modulation of membrane permeability and regulation of metabolic activity. Recently it was suggested that ion fluxes through membranes regulate the(More)
Peritoneal macrophages from Mice infested with Trypanosoma musculi release large amounts of hydrogen peroxide. In Mice infested with T. musculi, increase in hydrogen peroxide release induced by P.M.A. is well correlated with the course of parasitemia, suggesting acute control mechanisms.