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Studies of abnormal prion protein (PrPres) are hindered by the lack of specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), and the relationships between PrPres, infectivity, and strain specificity in prion diseases are still subject to debate. We have studied PrPres with new mAbs produced against PrP in mice using various immunization strategies. PrPres was analyzed by(More)
The involvement of spleen macrophages in the early stages of scrapie pathogenesis was studied by applying the 'macrophage-suicide technique' to scrapie-infected mice. This method comprises critically the intravenous administration to mice of dichloromethylene disphosphonate encapsulated into liposomes. Depletion of spleen macrophages before scrapie(More)
The mode and the site of action of the major antiscrapie drugs have been studied by investigating their effects on the abnormal protease-resistant isoform of PrP (PrPres) and on its accumulation in mouse spleen. Day-by-day PrPres accumulation in the spleen and in other peripheral organs was first monitored to describe the early steps of scrapie(More)
Models for the polymerization process involved in prion self-replication are well-established and studied [H. Engler, J. Pruss, and G.F. Webb, Analysis of a model for the dynamics of prions II, J. Math. Anal. Appl. 324 (2006), pp. 98-117; M.L. Greer, L. Pujo-Menjouet, and G.F. Webb, A mathematical analysis of the dynamics of prion proliferation, J. Theoret.(More)
Recently, we identified the 37-kDa laminin receptor precursor (LRP) as an interactor for the prion protein (PrP). Here, we show the presence of the 37-kDa LRP and its mature 67-kDa form termed high-affinity laminin receptor (LR) in plasma membrane fractions of N2a cells, whereas only the 37-kDa LRP was detected in baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells. PrP(More)
Cell-binding and internalization studies on neuronal and non-neuronal cells have demonstrated that the 37-kDa/67-kDa laminin receptor (LRP/LR) acts as the receptor for the cellular prion protein (PrP). Here we identify direct and heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG)-dependent interaction sites mediating the binding of the cellular PrP to its receptor, which(More)
To define genes associated with or responsible for the neurodegenerative changes observed in transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, we analyzed gene expression in scrapie-infected mouse brain using "mRNA differential display." The RNA transcripts of eight genes were increased 3-8-fold in the brains of scrapie-infected animals. Five of these genes have(More)
We diagnosed Cruetzfeldt-Jakob disease in 34 patients (16 definite, 18 probable) who had received human growth hormone extract for various period of time (mean +/- SD, 2.9 years), but particularly during the period between January 1984 and July 1985, a potential high-risk factor. Disease duration for deceased patients (n = 30) was 17 +/- 9 months. The(More)
Based on in vitro observations in scrapie-infected neuroblastoma cells, quinacrine has recently been proposed as a treatment for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), including a new variant CJD which is linked to contamination of food by the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) agent. The present study investigated possible mechanisms of action of quinacrine(More)