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Recently, we identified the 37-kDa laminin receptor precursor (LRP) as an interactor for the prion protein (PrP). Here, we show the presence of the 37-kDa LRP and its mature 67-kDa form termed high-affinity laminin receptor (LR) in plasma membrane fractions of N2a cells, whereas only the 37-kDa LRP was detected in baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells. PrP(More)
Cell-binding and internalization studies on neuronal and non-neuronal cells have demonstrated that the 37-kDa/67-kDa laminin receptor (LRP/LR) acts as the receptor for the cellular prion protein (PrP). Here we identify direct and heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG)-dependent interaction sites mediating the binding of the cellular PrP to its receptor, which(More)
The agent responsible for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) is thought to be a malfolded, protease-resistant version (PrPres) of the normal cellular prion protein (PrP). The interspecies transmission of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) to mice was studied. Although all of the mice injected with homogenate from BSE-infected cattle brain(More)
There is substantial scientific evidence to support the notion that bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) has contaminated human beings, causing variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD). This disease has raised concerns about the possibility of an iatrogenic secondary transmission to humans, because the biological properties of the primate-adapted BSE(More)
To define genes associated with or responsible for the neurodegenerative changes observed in transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, we analyzed gene expression in scrapie-infected mouse brain using "mRNA differential display." The RNA transcripts of eight genes were increased 3-8-fold in the brains of scrapie-infected animals. Five of these genes have(More)
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies can be transmitted via the oral route. The understanding of this mode of contamination has become a major issue since it is responsible for the appearance of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and is probably implicated in new variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. In this study, we addressed the questions of the(More)
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is one of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). In all TSEs host susceptibility is an important factor in the development of clinical disease. The prion protein (PrP) gene appears to confer the main component of this susceptibility. The appearance of spontaneous neurodegeneration in PrP transgenic mice(More)
The mode and the site of action of the major antiscrapie drugs have been studied by investigating their effects on the abnormal protease-resistant isoform of PrP (PrPres) and on its accumulation in mouse spleen. Day-by-day PrPres accumulation in the spleen and in other peripheral organs was first monitored to describe the early steps of scrapie(More)
Prions pose a challenge to decontamination, particularly before the re-use of surgical instruments. They have relatively high resistance to standard decontamination methods and require extreme chemical and/or heat-based treatments for devices used in known or suspected cases of disease. This study investigated the effectiveness of a new gaseous hydrogen(More)