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This paper describes the use of a Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FT-IR) spectrometer as an on-line sensor to measure Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Total Organic Carbon (TOC), Volatile Fatty Acids (VFA), and Partial and Total Alkalinity (PA and TA) in anaerobic digestion processes for the treatment of industrial wastewaters. Comparison with manual off-line(More)
The acclimatisation of an activated sludge to enhanced biological phosphorus removal conditions was followed after and without bioaugmentation with a low amount of phosphorus-accumulating sludge. Phosphorus removal yields were monitored by conventional analytical methods and microbial communities evolutions were followed by a finger printing molecular(More)
Hypersaline effluents are produced by various industrial activities. Such wastewater, rich in both organic matter and salt (> 35 g l(-1)), is difficult to treat by conventional wastewater treatment processes. It is necessary to use halophilic bacteria. In this study, a bench-scale sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was inoculated with halophilic sediments in(More)
Macroalgae are biomass resources that represent a valuable feedstock to be used entirely for human consumption or for food additives after some extractions (mainly colloids) and/or for energy production. In order to better develop the algal sector, it is important to determine the capacity of macroalgae to produce these added-values molecules for food(More)
The fermentation of D-xylose byPachysolen tannophilus Y2460,Pichia stipitis Y7124,Kluyveromyces marxianus Y2415 andCandida shehatae Y12878 was investigated in aerobic, anaerobic and microaerophilic batch cultures. The aeration rate greatly influenced the fermentations; growth, rate of ethanol production and oxidation of ethanol are affected. Of the strains(More)
Twenty-eight bacterial strains were isolated from an ecosystem adapted to fluctuating oxic–anoxic conditions. This ecosystem comprised a mixture of different natural and wastewater treatment environments. Among the 28 strains isolated, 10 exhibited aerobic denitrifying activity, i.e., co-respiration of oxygen and nitrate and simultaneous production of(More)
A laboratory-scale (40 l) reactor was designed to investigate dry anaerobic digestion. The reactor is equipped with an intermittent paddle mixer, enabling complete mixing in the reactor. Three consecutive batch dry digestion tests of municipal solid waste were performed under mesophilic conditions and compared to operation results obtained on a pilot-scale(More)
Substrates that contain hexose as well as pentose sugars can form an interesting substrate for the production of ethanol. Pichia stipitis and a respiratory-deficient mutant of Saccharomyces diastaticus were used to convert such a substrate into ethanol under continuous culture conditions. With a sugar mixture (glucose 70%/xylose 30%) at 50 g/l, the xylose(More)
The ability ofCandida guillermondii to produce xylitol from xylose and to ferment individual non xylose hemicellulosic derived sugars was investigated in microaerobic conditions. Xylose was converted into xylitol with a yield of 0,63 g/g and ethanol was produced in negligible amounts. The strain did not convert glucose, mannose and galactose into their(More)
The biochemical composition can be seen as a good indicator of both the biodegradability and the methane potential of a given waste. The work presented here is an attempt to elaborate a typology of wastes and to compare it to the anaerobic degradation characteristics. The first data indicate that there is a link between the ligno-cellulosic content of the(More)