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Texel wethers (68 +/- 2.5 kg BW) fitted with catheters in the ruminal veins and a mesenteric artery, blood flow probes on ruminal arteries, and a ruminal cannula were fed 500 g of orchardgrass hay every 12 h. During the last third of the feeding cycle, intraruminal injections were performed to evaluate the effect of urease activity, osmolality, and(More)
Four Texel wethers (68 +/- 2.5 kg BW) fitted with catheters in the ruminal veins and a mesenteric artery, blood flow probes around ruminal arteries, and a ruminal cannula were used to determine meal-related variations and daily significance of net flux across the ruminal wall of urea and ammonia (NH3), VFA, D-beta-hydroxybutyrate (D beta HOB), lactate, and(More)
Four Texel wethers (60 to 64 kg) fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulas were used to study the kinetics of particulate matter in the rumen and the series of processes involved in their selection and passage. They were fed, in eight equal meals, 1,200 g of a mixture of a chopped orchardgrass hay and ground (8-mm screen) and pelleted orchardgrass hay in(More)
Four Texel wethers (60 to 64 kg) fitted with rumen and duodenal cannulae were used to compare methods for estimating mean retention times (MRT) of digesta markers. They were fed, in eight equal meals, 1,200 g of a mixture of a chopped and ground (8-mm screen) and pelleted orchardgrass hay in the ratios 90/10, 50/50, 30/70, or 10/90 according to a 4 x 4(More)
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