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Sheep received a single intragastric dose of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, or 2.0 mmol F-/kg. Mild signs occurred at 1.5 mmol F-/kg and the animals recovered 2 days later. With the 2.0 mmol F-/kg dose all animals showed dullness, anorexia, and mild diarrhea which decreased from the third day. Dose-related congestion of duodenum, liver, kidney, and lung was observed in all(More)
BACKGROUND Breed-specific reference intervals are of increasing interest in veterinary medicine. The health monitoring of the Dogue de Bordeaux, a breed predisposed to familial juvenile glomerulonephropathy and hypothyroidism, would benefit from specific reference intervals. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to establish breed-specific biochemical(More)
Pharmacokinetic variables of skeletal muscle creatine kinase (CK) activity after IV administration of a muscle extract; CK bioavailability after IM administration of the muscle extract; and effect of IM administration of saline solution, to appreciate the possible release of CK consecutive to muscle puncture, were determined in 6 cows. A general equation(More)
Intramuscular administration of veterinary drugs can induce severe muscle damage resulting in economic losses and residue persistence. Local tolerance is usually evaluated by macroscopic examination of the injection site requiring euthanasia of a large number of animals. A non-invasive quantitative method, based on the pharmacokinetic analysis of creatine(More)
To quantify the extent of muscle alteration during prolonged exercise, the release rate of creatine kinase (CK) from striated muscle was measured in six horses during a rest period (6 h) and during three exercise tests (15, 30, and 60 km) at a constant speed of 200 m/min. CK clearance was measured after intravenous bolus administration (150 U/kg) of a CK(More)
Creatinine is the analyte most frequently measured in human and veterinary clinical chemistry laboratories as an indirect measure of glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Although creatinine metabolism and the difficulties of creatinine measurement have been reviewed in human medicine, similar reviews are lacking in veterinary medicine. The aim of this review(More)
BACKGROUND Urea and creatinine are the most frequently used indirect markers in plasma and serum of glomerular filtration rate in dogs. Both have been shown to lack sensitivity but their diagnostic efficiency for the diagnosis of kidney disease has been minimally investigated. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the(More)
The measurement of protein concentration in the cerebrospinal fluid is a basic analytical method in neurology. In this study, a pyrogallol red technique using a human albumin calibrator previously validated in human medicine was tested for canine samples, and the results were compared with those obtained using urine test strips. Pyrogallol red significantly(More)
Intramuscular injections of a vitamin B preparation, imidocarb, imidocarb+lidocaine, and a preparation of salts of fatty acids produced significant increases in plasma creatine kinase activity in groups of five to six dogs. Activities peaked between 3 and 8 h, and were as high as 23 times base values with the fatty acid salts preparation. Quantification of(More)
Values for urea, creatinine, glucose, total bilirubin, sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, phosphates, magnesium, alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, lactate deshydrogenase, and creatine-kinase are reported for the first time for 32 sand gazelles (Gazella subgutturosa marica) in Saudi Arabia. Comparisons were made(More)