J-P Bourguignon

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In a retrospective auxological study of 145 patients seen in Belgium during a 9-year period for treatment of precocious puberty, 28% appeared to be foreign children (39 girls, one boy) who immigrated 4 to 5 years earlier from 22 developing countries, without any link to a particular ethnic or country background. The patients were either adopted (n = 28) or(More)
Our aim was to study the effect of estradiol (E2) on pulsatile GnRH secretion in vitro in relation to sex and development. When hypothalamic explants obtained from 5- and 15-d-old female rats were exposed to E2 (10(-7) m), a reduction of GnRH interpulse interval (IPI) occurred but not at 25 and 50 d of age. This effect was prevented by the estrogen receptor(More)
In order to evaluate the involvement of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) in the effects of neuroexcitatory amino acids on luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion, N-methyl-D,L-aspartate (NMDA; 30 mg/kg s.c.) was administered to 50-day-old male rats. The in vitro release of GnRH from the hypothalamus showed a maximal increase (4.6-fold) in animals sacrificed(More)
We have shown previously that N-methyl-D,L-aspartate (NMDA) and kainate, two neuroexcitatory amino acids acting through distinct receptors, may induce the release of GnRH from hypothalamic explants. However, that effect could have no physiological significance, since very high concentrations (50 mM) of NMDA and kainate were required. Here, using agents(More)
Natural hormones and some synthetic chemicals spread into our surrounding environment share the capacity to interact with hormone action and metabolism. Exposure to such compounds can cause a variety of developmental and reproductive detrimental abnormalities in wildlife species and, potentially, in human. Many experimental and epidemiological data have(More)
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of leptin and ghrelin on pulsatile pulsatile gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion in vitro with emphasis on neuropeptide mediators and changes between prepuberty (15 days) and sexual maturity (50 days) in the male rat. When hypothalamic explants were studied 90 min after an intraperitoneal(More)
The management of children and adolescents with hypogonadism and in particular the induction of puberty in the hypogonadal girl is subject to controversy. Therefore, under the auspices and through organization of the Drugs and Therapeutics Committee of the European Society of Paediatric Endocrinology (ESPE), an interactive voting session and workshop was(More)
Leptin may act as a negative feedback signal to the brain in the control of appetite through suppression of neuropeptide Y (NPY) secretion and stimulation of cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART), a new anorectic peptide. We aimed at studying whether leptin, NPY, and CART have related effects on the hypothalamic control of the(More)
The secretion of GnRH can be stimulated by glutamate (GLU) and GLU agonists, whereas GLU receptor antagonists inhibit GnRH. Using 6-diazo-5-oxo-L-norleucine (DON), an inhibitor of glutaminase, we aimed to study the involvement of endogenous GLU in GnRH secretion through the effects of impaired GLU biosynthesis from its precursor glutamine (GLN). GnRH(More)
GnRH[1-5], a subproduct resulting from degradation of GnRH by prolyl endopeptidase (PEP) and endopeptidase 24.15 (EP24.15) was known to account for an inhibitory autofeedback of GnRH secretion through an effect at the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. This study aimed at determining the possible role of such a mechanism in the early developmental(More)