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[1] We develop a spectral element method (SEM) for simulating dynamic rupture on rate and state faults and use it to study how the rupture is affected by a shallow fault region of steady state velocity-strengthening friction. Our comparison of the developed SEM and a spectral boundary integral method (BIM) for an antiplane (two-dimensional) test problem… (More)

- R Adron Harris, 1M, +19 authors Sukwoon Song
- 2008

Numerical simulations of earthquake rupture dynamics are now common, yet it has been difficult to test the validity of these simulations because there have been few field observations and no analytic solutions with which to compare the results. This paper describes the Southern California Earthquake Center/ U.S. Geological Survey (SCEC/USGS) Dynamic… (More)

[1] The initiation of frictional instability is investigated for simple models of fault zone using a linearized perturbation analysis. The fault interface is assumed to obey a linear slipweakening law. The fault is initially prestressed uniformly at the sliding threshold. In the case of antiplane shear between two homogeneous linearly elastic media,… (More)

[1] We obtain quasi-static, two-dimensional solutions for earthquake nucleation on faults obeying Dieterich’s ‘‘aging’’ version of the rate and state friction equations. Two distinct nucleation regimes are found, separated by roughly a/b 0.5, where a and b are the constitutive parameters relating changes in slip rate V and state q to frictional strength.… (More)

S U M M A R Y We study in-plane ruptures on a bimaterial fault governed by a velocity-weakening friction with a regularized normal stress response. Numerical simulations and analytical estimates provide characterization of the ranges of velocity-weakening scales, nucleation lengths and background stresses for which ruptures behave as cracks or pulses,… (More)

- G. Hillers, P. Martin Mai, Yehuda Ben-Zion, J.-P. Ampuero
- 2007

We perform a systematic parameter space study of the seismic response of a large fault with different levels of heterogeneity, using a 3-D elastic framework within the continuum limit. The fault is governed by rate-and-state friction and simulations are performed for model realizations with frictional and large scale properties characterized by different… (More)

[1] We introduce the application of an arbitrary high-order derivative (ADER) discontinuous Galerkin (DG) method to simulate earthquake rupture dynamics. The ADER-DG method uses triangles as computational cells which simplifies the process of discretization of very complex surfaces and volumes by using external automated tools. Discontinuous Galerkin… (More)

- A. H. Gabriel, J.-P. Ampuero, L. A. Dalguer, P. Martin Mai
- 2013

Large dynamic stresses near earthquake rupture fronts may induce an inelastic response of the surrounding materials, leading to increased energy absorption that may affect dynamic rupture. We systematically investigate the effects of off-fault plastic energy dissipation in 2D in-plane dynamic ruptures under velocity-and-state-dependent friction with severe… (More)

- Zacharie Duputel, Jia-Hu Jiang, +9 authors Sarah E. Minson
- 2015

The subduction zone in northern Chile is a well-identified seismic gap that last ruptured in 1877. On 1 April 2014, this region was struck by a large earthquake following a two week long series of foreshocks. This study combines a wide range of observations, including geodetic, tsunami, and seismic data, to produce a reliable kinematic slip model of theMw… (More)

- J . P . Avouac, François Ayoub, +15 authors Don V . Helmberger
- 2014

1 a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t Keywords: Balochistan earthquake Chaman fault Makran megathrust earthquake source model image geodesy We analyse the Mw 7.7 Balochistan earthquake of 09/24/2013 based on ground surface deformation measured from sub-pixel correlation of Landsat-8 images, combined with back-projection and finite source modeling of… (More)