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BACKGROUND Susac syndrome (SS) is a self-limited syndrome, presumably autoimmune, consisting of a clinical triad of encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusions, and hearing loss. All three elements of the triad may not be present or recognized, and MR imaging is often necessary to establish the diagnosis. OBJECTIVE To determine the spectrum of(More)
In three patients, intractable hiccups occurred as part of the symptomatology of multiple sclerosis. In one patient intractable hiccups were the presenting complaint, and in another patient exacerbations of symptoms were almost always heralded by intractable hiccups. Intractable hiccups occur in a variety of diseases, including many that affect the(More)
We report two patients with optic disc drusen who suffered sudden, concentric constriction of the visual field. Visual acuity remained normal. The involved discs showed no swelling, hemorrhage, or other evidence of anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. We are unable to explain the mechanism or the pattern of visual field loss in these unusual cases.
A 38-year-old woman presented with a bilateral, chronic, progressive optic neuropathy following jejunoileal bypass surgery for morbid obesity. Standardized A-scan orbital echography revealed grossly swollen optic nerve sheaths with a positive 30 degrees test, indicating increased subarachnoid fluid. Review of reported complications of jejunoileal bypass(More)