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Our early concepts of the normal role of B cells in immunity focused on their ability to produce antibodies (Ab) and in the case of autoimmune diseases autoAbs, some of which were pathogenic. Over the past 10 years, it has became apparent that B cells display a variety of characteristics, other than Ab production, which could contribute to autoimmunity.(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relevance of the blood B-cell subset profile for the diagnosis of Sjögren syndrome. METHODS The distribution of mature blood B cells from Bm1 through Bm5 was determined in 161 patients, of whom 25 fulfilled the American-European Consensus Group criteria for primary SS (pSS), and 136 served as disease controls. RESULTS The(More)
We have reported that human autoantibodies reacting with the polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN)-anchored FcgammaRIIIb (CD16) protect these cells from spontaneous apoptosis. In this study, we used anti-CD16 F(ab')(2) to delineate the mechanism(s) whereby the PMN life span is extended. As documented using four methods, CD16 cross-linking impeded spontaneous(More)
The CD5(+) B cell population is prominent in early life and produce low avidity and, thereby, polyreactive antibodies. CD5(+) B cells are receptive to cytokines and interleukin-10 seems to be influential in the regulation of some of these CD5(+) B cells. The question of whether CD5 is a marker of activation or a molecule specific for a B cell lineage(More)
Anti-Fc gamma receptor IIIb (Fc gammaRIIIb) human autoantibodies (Ab) have been classified previously into three groups, based on the results of an indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) test and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA): IIF+/ELISA+ (group A), IIF+/ELISA- (group B), and IIF-/ELISA+ (group C) sera. In this study, differential effects between(More)
Although B chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is characterized by prolonged survival of CD5(+) B cells in vivo, these cells apoptose spontaneously in vitro. The effect of CD5 ligation on apoptosis was studied in 27 newly diagnosed patients with B-CLL, in relation to the expression of surface IgM (sIgM), CD79b, CD38, CD72 and CD19. B cells from 15 patients(More)
Interest in B-cells has been revived due to the description of new functions. Supporting a role for B-cells in the genesis of autoimmune diseases is the fact that the B-cell activating factor of the TNF ligand family (BAFF) is essential in their physiology. However, in each disease, this is restricted to a subgroup of patients. Based on experiments in mice,(More)
The CD5 molecule is expressed by a B cell subset. We have demonstrated that resting B cells do not proliferate in response to CD5 ligation, whereas cells preactivated with anti-IgM and IL-2 do so. Here, we specifically studied the effects of anti-CD5 and anti-IgM on apoptosis of CD5+ B cells. Both ligation of CD5 or of surface IgM (sIgM) resulted in(More)
INTRODUCTION Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune epithelitis hallmarked by a disruption of epithelial cells, the subsequent lymphocytic infiltration of lachrymal and salivary glands (SGs), and their ensuing dryness. One may posit that SS is triggered by viruses, and/or modulated by sex steroid hormones, and there is indeed a consensus that its(More)
A total of 40 patients with B-CLL were investigated for CD5-triggered apoptosis and categorized as 20 resistant (group I) and 20 sensitive patients (group II). The densities of surface IgM (sIgM) and CD5 were lower in group I than group II, as were the percentages of CD79b+, CD38+, and Zap70-expressing B cells. CD5 signaling was mediated through the BCR in(More)