J Nicholas Francis

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The HIV gp41 N-trimer pocket region is an ideal viral target because it is extracellular, highly conserved, and essential for viral entry. Here, we report on the design of a pocket-specific D-peptide, PIE12-trimer, that is extraordinarily elusive to resistance and characterize its inhibitory and structural properties. D-peptides (peptides composed of(More)
The origin and evolution of multidomain proteins are driven by diverse processes including fusion/fission, domain shuffling, and alternative splicing. The 20 aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (AARS) constitute an ancient conserved family of multidomain proteins. The glutamyl-prolyl tRNA synthetase (EPRS) of bilaterian animals is unique among AARSs, containing two(More)
The pigment composition of "Candidatus Chlorothrix halophila," a filamentous anoxygenic phototrophic bacterium found in Baja California Sur, Mexico, was determined. Previous work showed that bacteriochlorophyll c (BChl c) was the major pigment in "Ca. Chlorothrix halophila," but it was not clear if this bacterium also contains BChl a (J. A. Klappenbach and(More)
The highly conserved HIV-1 gp41 "pocket" region is a promising target for inhibiting viral entry. PIE12-trimer is a protease-resistant trimeric d-peptide inhibitor that binds to this pocket and potently blocks HIV entry. PIE12-trimer also possesses a reserve of binding energy that provides it with a strong genetic barrier to resistance ("resistance(More)
UNLABELLED Elite controllers (ECs) are a rare group of HIV seropositive individuals who are able to control viral replication without antiretroviral therapy. The mechanisms responsible for this phenotype, however, have not been fully elucidated. In this study, we examined CD4(+) T cell resistance to HIV in a cohort of elite controllers and explored(More)
Peptides have great potential as therapeutic agents, but their use is often limited by susceptibility to proteolysis and their resulting in vivo fragility. In this review, we focus on peptidomimetic approaches to produce protease-resistant peptides with the potential for greatly improved clinical utility. We focus on the use of mirror-image (D-peptide) and(More)
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