J. Nelson

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The discovery of the amphibian skin tetradecapeptide bombesin led to the identification of several mammalian bombesin-like neuroendocrine peptides such as gastrin-releasing peptides (GRP'-27 and GRP"8-27) and neuromedin B. GRP and neuromedin B are products of two distinct genes (Krane et al., 1988). Bombesin and its homologues stimulate gastric acid(More)
The use of apoptosis-inducing agents in the treatment of malignant cancer is increasingly being considered as a therapeutic approach. In this study, the induction of apoptosis and necrosis was examined in terms of temporal dose responses, comparing a malignant and nonmalignant breast cell line. Staurosporine (SSP)-induced apoptosis and H(2)O(2)-induced(More)
Three human breast cancer cell lines ZR-75-1, MDA-MB-436 and MCF-7 were found to contain respectively, 3.06, 2.69 and 1.86 fmol of somatostatin-like immunoreactivity (SLI) per 10(6) cells. Since SLI is undetectable in the passaging media it must, therefore, be synthesised by the cells. In the presence of fetal calf serum the cells were growth inhibited by(More)
We have investigated the production, growth and inactivation of gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP)-like peptides in human breast cancer cell lines. Radioimmunoassay detected GRP-like immunoreactivity (GRP-LI) in T47D breast cancer cells but not in the conditioned medium, indicating rapid clearance. No GRP-LI was found in the ZR-75-1 or MDA-MB-436 cells or(More)
A 6-month exposure of ZR-75-1 human breast cancer cells to tamoxifen (1 microM rising to 2 microM). resulted in a fall in oestrogen receptor (ER) levels from 225 fmol mg protein-1 to 56 fmol mg protein-1 while progesterone receptor (PGR) concentration fell from 63 fmol mg protein-1 to undetectable levels. Sensitivity to the anti-proliferative effects of(More)
We have determined the methylation status of the CpG island of the oestrogen receptor alpha gene in seven human ovarian cell lines. Cell lines expressing oestrogen receptor alpha showed no evidence of hypermethylation. In three of four cell lines that produced no detectable oestrogen receptor alpha protein, hypermethylation was observed at the NotI site of(More)
The broad aim of this work was to investigate and optimize the properties of calcium phosphate bone cements (CPCs) for use in vertebroplasty to achieve effective primary fixation of spinal fractures. The incorporation of collagen, both bovine and from a marine sponge (Chondrosia reniformis), into a CPC was investigated. The biological properties of the CPC(More)
Study Design Randomized, controlled animal study. Objective Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) is frequently utilized as a bone graft substitute in spinal fusions to overcome the difficult healing environment in patients with osteoporosis. However, the effects of estrogen deficiency and poor bone quality on rhBMP-2 efficacy are(More)
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