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TRs are transcription factors that regulate cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. They are cellular homologs of the transcriptionally inactive viral oncogene v-erbA. We tested the hypothesis that the functions of TRs could be impaired in cancer tissues as a result of aberrant expression and/or somatic mutations. As a model system, we selected(More)
OBJECTIVE The development and severity of Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) may result from a complex interplay of genetic and environmental factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) gene polymorphism and non-genetic factors (age, sex, cigarette smoking) with GO in two different(More)
Thyroid hormone (T(3)) regulates proliferation and differentiation of cells, via its nuclear receptors (TRs). These processes have been shown to be abnormally regulated during carcinogenesis. We have previously found aberrant expression of TRalpha and TRbeta mRNAs in renal clear cell carcinoma (RCCC), suggesting possible involvement of TRs in the(More)
Recently, a functional polymorphism in the NFKB1 gene promoter (-94ins/del ATTG) has been identified and associated with chronic inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to analyze the association of NFKB1 polymorphism with susceptibility to and phenotype of Graves' disease (GD). The initial case-control association study, performed in a(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare thyroid hormone metabolism between non-cancerous tumor-surrounding human kidney tissues and renal clear cell carcinomas (RCCC). The material consisted of samples taken from 10 RCCC patients of both sexes and three grades of differentiation, G1 to G3. We showed that, similar to rat tissue, type I 5' monodeiodinase(More)
OBJECTIVE Susceptibility to Graves' disease (GD) is to a significant extent determined by genetic factors of which the best known are those associated with the HLA and the CTLA4 locus. Recently, two studies on British Caucasians reported that a single nucleotide polymorphism, 1858 C > T in PTPN22, encoding Arg620Trp in the lymphoid protein tyrosine(More)
Human renal clear cell carcinoma (RCCC) accounts for up to 2% of human cancers. To find out if thyroid hormone (T3) and its receptors (TRs) play a role in tumorigenesis of RCCC, the expression of TRs was evaluated on mRNA and protein level. It was found that TRalpha (both alpha1 and alpha2) mRNA amount was significantly decreased in tumors while compared(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha plays a central role in the development of ophthalmopathy in patients with Graves' disease (GD). The aim of this study was to investigate the association of TNF promoter polymorphisms at positions -1031 (T-1031C), -863 (C-863A), -857 (C-857T), -308 (G-308A), and -238 (G-238A) with Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). We studied the(More)
Type 1 and type 2 iodothyronine 5' deiodinases (D1 and D2, respectively) catalyze the conversion of thyroxine (T(4)) to triiodothyronine (T(3)). Similar to other genes crucial for T(3) generation, D1 and D2 expression might be disturbed in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) possible as a result of impairments in thyroid transcription factors Titf1/Nkx2-1 and(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) may play an important role in the pathogenesis of Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). The aim of this study was to analyze the association of IL-6 gene promoter polymorphism, at position - 174 (G --> C, termed as G-174C), which may affect IL-6 production, with the development of GO. The G-174C polymorphism was determined in 279(More)