J. Nakano

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BACKGROUND Cast immobilization is known to induce pain in humans and experimental animal models; however, the detailed mechanisms underlying this pain have yet to be elucidated. Recently, several lines of evidence have indicated that morphological changes in sensory innervation and changes in the expression of pain-related molecules in the epidermis are(More)
This study examined mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity in the rat hind paw during cast immobilization of the hind limbs for 4 or 8 weeks and following cast removal. Blood flow, skin temperature, and volume of the rat hind paw were assessed in order to determine peripheral circulation of the hind limbs. Sensitization was analyzed by measuring the(More)
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the incidence and patterns of referred pain in patients with hip disease, as well as the nerve distribution in the hip and knee joints of 2 cadavers. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 113 patients with hip joint disease were included in the investigation. The incidence of regional pain and referred pain(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if serum levels of skeletal troponin I (sTnI, fast and slow isoforms) could provide a sensitive marker of respiratory muscle damage in healthy humans subjected to inspiratory loads. To accomplish this, we studied healthy, young (27 ± 2 years, Mean ± SEM, n = 5) and middle-aged (55 ± 5, n = 5) men to (1) determine(More)
The present study aimed to examine if immunization with laminin causes myositis in rats and whether the pathologic findings mirror human polymyositis and dermatomyositis. Rats were immunized with an emulsion of laminin and complete Freund's adjuvant. As a result, muscle fiber necrosis with infiltrating macrophages was frequently observed and mononuclear(More)
Cast immobilization of limbs causes hyperalgesia, which is a decline of the threshold of mechanical and thermal mechanical stimuli. The immobilization-induced hyperalgesia (IIH) can disturb rehabilitation and activities of daily living in patients with orthopedic disorders. However, it is unclear what therapeutic and preventive approaches can be used to(More)
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