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The presence of estrogen receptor α (ERα) and estrogen receptor β (ERβ) have been reported in cell and tissue level in gastric cancer, but its impact on patients’ survival remains unclear. This study was designed to investigate the expression level of ERα and ERβ and to assess clinical significance of ERα and ERβ expression in gastric cancer. The expression(More)
BACKGROUND Tobacco use is the chief avoidable cause of death in the United States. Physicians, however, are not routinely assessing this risk and providing counseling for risk reduction. This study examines tobacco cessation counseling practices among family practice residents and explores the determinants of residents' smoking-counseling behaviors and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the implementation of the Put Prevention Into Practice (PPIP) office-based system would increase the delivery rates of specific clinical preventive services among demonstration clinics. METHODS Chart review was conducted before (n=372) and 33 to 39 months after (n=376) the implementation of the PPIP office-based system in(More)
The expression of β-site APP-cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) is increased in the brain of late-onset sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD) and oxidative stress may be the potential cause of this event. The phenolic glucoside gastrodin (Gas), a main component of a Chinese herbal medicine Gastrodia elata Blume, has been demonstrated to display antioxidant activity and(More)
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS The aim of this study is to examine the expression of estrogen receptor beta-1, 2 ,5 in gastric cancer tissues and evaluate their correlation with clinicopathological features. METHODOLOGY Real-time quantitative PCR assay was applied to detect the expression of estrogen receptor beta-1, 2, 5 mRNAs in 44 gastric cancer tissues and their(More)
Fallopia multiflora, locally known as Heshouwu, is one of the most important and widely used Chinese medicinal herbs. However, there is still considerable confusion concerning its different provenances. DNA barcoding is a recent aid to taxonomic identification and uses a short standardized DNA region to discriminate plant species. We assessed the(More)
This paper deals with the evaluation of osmotic pump of verapamil hydrochloride tablet (C) by measuring in vitro/in vivo test. The results showed that the dissolution behaviors were of zero-order kinetic and release constant in vitro (Kr) of C was 9.9450. The plasma levels of Ver.HCl in eight volunteers following single and multiple oral doses of these(More)
Dioscorea bulbifera L. is widely distributed in pantropical regions along the equator. The taxonomic treatment of this species is ambiguous due to its extreme polymorphic morphological characters. In order to provide tools to facilitate the study of genetic diversity, population structure, patterns of gene flow, and the mating system of this species, and to(More)
Wild Brassica juncea is a widespread weed in China with increasingly great impact on the yield of many crops. This study aimed to develop microsatellite markers for assessing the genetic diversity and population genetic structure of B. juncea, and to provide basic information for biological and chemical control of the weed. The compound microsatellite(More)
The Chinese fire-bellied newt, Cynops orientalis, belonging to Amphibia, Caudata, Salamandridae is a species endemic to China. The liver, which is an important digestive gland and the largest amphibian organ, has various functions, including detoxification, glycogen storage, protein synthesis, and hormone production. However, the newt liver has rarely been(More)