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The anterior-posterior axis of the mouse embryo is established by two distinct organizing centres in the anterior visceral endoderm and the distal primitive streak. These organizers induce and pattern the head and trunk respectively, and have been proposed to be localized through coordinate cell movements that rotate a pre-existing proximal-distal axis.(More)
Human hnRNP A1 is a versatile single-stranded nucleic acid-binding protein that functions in various aspects of mRNA maturation and in telomere length regulation. The crystal structure of UP1, the amino-terminal domain of human hnRNP A1 containing two RNA-recognition motifs (RRMs), bound to a 12-nucleotide single-stranded telomeric DNA has been determined(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS To investigate the relationships between demographic data, seizure-related factors, anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) taking, and depressive symptoms in patients with epilepsy (PWE), determining the major clinical risk factors of depression. METHODS Patients with epilepsy who visited our epilepsy clinic from 2010 to 2012 were included. The(More)
The use of small-interfering RNA (siRNA) has great potential for the development of drugs designed to knock down the expression of damage- or disease-causing genes. However, because of the high molecular weight and negative charge of siRNA, it is restricted from crossing the blood-cochlear barrier, which limits the concentration and size of molecules that(More)
OBJECTIVE Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a T-cell-mediated systematic disease and is usually accompanied by articular cartilage damage. In the present study, we explored the effects of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and MSC-differentiated chondrocytes (MSC-chondrocytes) on the responses of antigen-specific T cells in RA to type II collagen(More)
A nonapeptide derived from the C terminus of the insulin B chain, H(2)N-Arg-Gly-Phe-Phe-Tyr-Thr-Pro-Lys-Ala-COOH, was found to strongly inhibit dopamine (DA) uptake by rat dopamine transporter (DAT) stably expressed in CHO cells (designated D8 cells). The kinetic experiments on D8 cells gave a curve typical of competitive inhibition with an IC(50)=6.9(More)
BACKGROUND Emerging evidence has demonstrated that lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) has an important role in many pathological processes of cancer cells, such as carcinogenesis, proliferation and metastasis. In this study, we characterised the role and molecular mechanisms of LSD1 in proliferation and metastasis of colon cancer. METHODS We evaluated(More)
There are many electronic and magnetic properties exhibited by complex oxides. Electronic phase separation (EPs) is one of those, the presence of which can be linked to exotic behaviours, such as colossal magnetoresistance, metal–insulator transition and high-temperature superconductivity. A variety of new and unusual electronic phases at the interfaces(More)
Receptor-interacting protein (RIP)3 is a critical regulator of necroptosis and has been demonstrated to be associated with various diseases, suggesting that its inhibitors are promising in the clinic. However, there have been few RIP3 inhibitors reported as yet. B-Raf V600E inhibitors are an important anticancer drug class for metastatic melanoma therapy.(More)
Orphanin FQ, also known as nociceptin (NC),is a well-known ligand for opioid receptor-like ORLI receptor. This heptadecapeptide was identified as potently inhibiting the uptake of rat dopamine transporter (rDAT) which is stably expressed in CHO cells (designated D8 cells). Further kinetic analysis proved that this occurs through competitive inhibition with(More)