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The sequences of two Drosophila and one rabbit protein phosphatase (PP) 1 catalytic subunits were determined from their cDNA. The sequence of Drosophila PP1 alpha 1 was deduced from a 2.2-kb cDNA purified from an embryonic cDNA library, while that for Drosophila PP1 beta was obtained from overlapping clones isolated from both a head cDNA library and an eye(More)
Unfertilized eggs and fertilized embryos from Drosophila mothers mutant for the plutonium (plu) gene contain giant polyploid nuclei resulting from unregulated S-phase. The PLU protein, a 19-kDa ankyrin repeat protein, is present in oocytes and early embryos but is not detectable after the completion of the initial rapid S-M cycles of the embryo. The(More)
At the transition from meiosis to cleavage mitoses, Drosophila requires the cell cycle regulators encoded by the genes, giant nuclei (gnu), plutonium (plu) and pan gu (png). Embryos lacking Gnu protein undergo DNA replication and centrosome proliferation without chromosome condensation or mitotic segregation. We have identified the gnu gene encoding a novel(More)
The mutagen-sensitive-101 (mus101) gene of Drosophila melanogaster was first identified 25 years ago through mutations conferring larval hypersensitivity to DNA-damaging agents. Other alleles of mus101 causing different phenotypes were later isolated: a female sterile allele results in a defect in a tissue-specific form of DNA synthesis (chorion gene(More)
cDNA coding for protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) has been isolated from Drosophila head and eye imaginal disc libraries. Drosophila PP2A mRNA is expressed throughout development, but is most abundant in the early embryo. The cDNA hybridises to a single site on the left arm of the second chromosome at position 28D2-4. The deduced amino acid sequence (309(More)
A Drosophila gene encoding a protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) has been sequenced, and lethal mutations in this locus (87B) analysed. Two mutants (ck19e211 and ck19hs46), which disrupt mitosis, lack the 87B isoenzyme and express only approximately 20% of wild type PP1 activity. The promoter region of the gene is deleted in the ck19e211 mutant. A third mutant(More)
ADP-ribosylation by pertussis toxin has been used to identify the alpha subunit of Ni, the guanine nucleotide-binding protein which mediates hormone and GTP inhibition of adenylate cyclase. Two proteins have been purified from bovine cerebral cortex which are substrates for ADP-ribosylation by pertussis toxin, a 41-kDa protein (alpha 41) and a 39-kDa(More)
Drosophila has four loci encoding type 1 protein serine/threonine phosphatases (PP1s). Here we describe mutations in one of these genes, at 87B on chromosome 3. Mutants die at the larval-pupal boundary with little or no imaginal cell proliferation. Neuroblasts are delayed in progress through mitosis and show defective spindle organization, abnormal sister(More)
A 1.2-kb clone containing the full coding sequence of a protein phosphatase 1 catalytic subunit has been isolated from a Drosophila head cDNA library. It encodes a polypeptide of 302 amino acids with a molecular mass of 34.5 kDa. The predicted protein sequence is 92% identical (94% similar) to rabbit protein phosphatase 1 alpha (PP-1 alpha) demonstrating(More)