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We present an approach for particle mass generation in which the physical vacuum is assumed as a medium at zero temperature and where the dynamics of the vacuum is described by the Standard Model without the Higgs sector. In this approach fermions acquire masses from interactions with vacuum and gauge bosons from charge fluctuations of vacuum. The obtained(More)
Sampling from conditional distributions is a problem often encountered in statistics when inferences are based on conditional distributions which are not of closed-form. Several Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithms to simulate from them are proposed. Potential problems are pointed out and some suitable modifications are suggested. Approximations based(More)
It is clear that the development of new methodologies that increase the electrical systems efficiency and the welfare of users, avoiding pollution as best as possible, are highly desired by researchers and utilities. In this context, in Ecuador, basic service elements like water heaters are usually used by population. Where, currently water heaters based on(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t We describe a new version of GBS, a 3D global, flux-driven plasma turbulence code to simulate the turbulent dynamics in the tokamak scrape-off layer (SOL), superseding the code presented by Ricci et al. (2012) [14]. The present work is driven by the objective of studying SOL turbulent dynamics in medium size tokamaks(More)
Based on the change of the productive and energetic matrix of Ecuador, that consist in the substitution of liquid gas coming from black oil for electricity to cook food and water heating for human use in residential areas, a prototype Toroidal Coil (TC) for a water heater Magnetic Induction (MI) is presented in this article.
In the investigation of new methodologies and technologies, with the purpose of developing a major efficiency in the Electrical Systems of Power, whilst also finding methods to mitigate or minimize the disadvantages or risks to the environment; they have found ways to innovate new unconventional techniques of securing the electrical energy to implement to(More)
In Ecuador there is a lot of electrical accidents especially to level residential, due to unknown of people in the electrical protection necessary for the human safety. Thus, most homes do not have protection systems to ensure the lives of people, this situation increases the probability that an electrical accident that results in the loss of life occurs.(More)