J Michel Cardot

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Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 was investigated using a dynamic gastrointestinal model. A high bacterial mortality was observed in the stomach and duodenum. In contrast, bacteria grew in the distal parts of the small intestine. The coadministration of Saccharomyces cerevisiae CNCM I-3856 led to a significant reduction of bacterial resumption, maybe(More)
trans-Cinnamic acid (CIN) and p-coumaric acid (COU) are ingested by humans in their diet. While the metabolism and health benefits of CIN have been widely documented, little is known about its absorption sites, and there have been few studies dedicated to COU. The gastrointestinal sac technique demonstrated that CIN and COU are absorbed by all digestive(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Tegafur is an oral fluorouracil prodrug used in the treatment of colorectal cancer. The aim of this phase II, crossover, bioequivalence study was to compare the pharmacokinetics (primary objective) and tolerability (secondary objective) of tegafur-uracil (UFT) given as three daily doses (tid, reference schedule) with those obtained(More)
Breastfeeding is the optimal method for feeding a newborn. However, some mothers may have difficulties lactating. Domperidone is widely used as a galactagogue but to the best of our knowledge has not been approved by any health authority. The objective of this review was to assess the benefit-risk ratio of domperidone for stimulating lactation. The(More)
AIM To assess the effects and safety of Lactobacillus casei rhamnosus LCR35 complete freeze-dried culture (LCR35) in patients suffering from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS A randomized, double-blind pilot study was performed in 50 patients complaining of IBS symptoms complying with Rome III criteria. Patients were allocated to receive either(More)
Previous studies suggest that the antinociceptive action of paracetamol (acetaminophen, APAP) might involve descending inhibitory pain pathways and the opioidergic system: this study explores this issue in humans with naloxone, the opioid antagonist. After ethical approval, 12 healthy male volunteers were included in this randomized, controlled,(More)
The first purpose of this study was to simulate the impact of food intake on drug release and absorption in vivo using a novel in vitro system which mimics the gastro-intestinal (GI) tract in man. The drug studied was acetaminophen in the form of immediate release (IR) tablets. The second purpose was to establish a level A in vitro/in vivo correlation that(More)
AIM The biopharmaceutical behavior of new formulations based on both food-grade polymers, whey protein (WP) and alginate (ALG) was studied using different in vitro methods. The Biopharmaceutical Classification System (BCS) class I drug Theophylline was chosen as drug model. METHOD Drug release was studied (i) at pH 1.2 (2 hours) followed by pH 7.5, and in(More)
This work aimed to investigate the biopharmaceutical behavior of hydrophilic matrix tablets of theophylline using different in vitro methods: USP II, USP IV, and a novel in vitro system simulating the gastrointestinal tract in man called the artificial digestive system (ADS). The potentiality of each method was evaluated by establishing in vitro/in vivo(More)
Following the January 2006 European ban of antibiotics used as growth promoters in the veal calf industry, new feed additives are needed in order to maintain animal health and growth performance. As an alternative to in vivo experiments in the testing of such additives, an in vitro system modeling the intestinal ecosystem of the veal calf was developed.(More)