J. Michael Salbaum

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Alzheimer's disease is characterized by a widespread functional disturbance of the human brain. Fibrillar amyloid proteins are deposited inside neurons as neurofibrillary tangles and extracellularly as amyloid plaque cores and in blood vessels. The major protein subunit (A4) of the amyloid fibril of tangles, plaques and blood vessel deposits is an(More)
To study the putative precursor proteins (PreA4(695), PreA4(751), and PreA4(770] of Alzheimer's disease A4 amyloid protein, polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies were raised against a recombinant bacterial PreA4(695) fusion protein. These antibodies were used to identify the precursors in different cell lines as well as in human brain homogenates and(More)
Sheep are the natural hosts of the pathogens that cause scrapie, an infectious degenerative disease of the central nervous system. Scrapie-associated fibrils [and their major protein, prion protein (PrP)] accumulate in the brains of all species affected by scrapie and related diseases. PrP is encoded by a single gene that is linked to (and may be) the major(More)
Immunohistochemical analysis revealed the temporal and spatial expression pattern of the amyloid protein precursor (APP) during the development of the mouse embryo. APP was first detected at day 9.5 of gestation in motor neurons of the hind brain and the spinal cord. APP proteins were also evident in cells of the floor plate, and in neurons of the cranial,(More)
The precursor of the Alzheimer's disease-specific amyloid A4 protein is an integral, glycosylated membrane protein which spans the bilayer once. The carboxy-terminal domain of 47 residues was located at the cytoplasmic site of the membrane. The three domains following the transient signal sequence of 17 residues face the opposite side of the membrane. The(More)
The promoter of the gene for the human precursor of Alzheimer's disease A4 amyloid protein (PAD gene) resembles promoters of housekeeping genes. It lacks a typical TATA box and shows a high GC content of 72% in a DNA region that confers promoter activity to a reporter gene in an in vivo assay. Transcription initiates at multiple sites. Sequences homologous(More)
Southern blot analysis of Volvox carteri DNA indicated the presence of a single actin gene; the nucleotide sequence of that gene is reported here. In comparison with plant animal and fungal actins, the derived primary structure of 377 amino acids is highly conserved yielding similarity values of 79% to 94% (including nonidentical, conservative exchanges).(More)
Southern analysis of Volvox genomic DNA revealed two genes homologous to Chlamydomonas reinhardtii alpha-tubulin cDNA. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis indicated that the two genes are not genetically linked. Clones representing one of the alpha-tubulin genes have been isolated from a genomic library of Volvox carteri f. nagariensis. A 3153(More)
Mammalian homeobox genes are widely expressed in the developing central nervous system and are postulated to control developmental processes by regulating gene expression at the transcriptional level. In vitro studies have identified consensus DNA sequences that contain an ATTA core as sites for interaction with homeodomain proteins. Such elements have been(More)
The mouse gene Punc encodes a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily of cell surface proteins. It is highly expressed in the developing embryo in nervous system and limb buds. At mid-gestation, however, expression levels of Punc decrease sharply. To allow investigation of such a regulatory mechanism, the genomic locus encompassing the Punc gene was(More)